Fire risk in Austrian pine (Pinus Nigra) plantations under various temperature and wind conditions

Imre Cseresnyés, Orsolya Szécsy, Péter Csontos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


The Austrian pine (Pinus Nigra), an introduced conifer in Hungary, forms a highly flammable vegetation type. The fire risk of such stands was examined using McArthur's empirical forest fire danger model. Our study focused on the effects of temperature and wind speed on fire behaviour. By keeping the input parameters of the model constant while changing temperature and wind speed within a specified interval the resulting fire danger index (FDI) and fire behaviour were examined. The applied fixed parameters were: 30 °C temperature, 30% relative humidity, 30 km h -1 wind speed, 30 degree of slope and drought factor value 10. The annual trends of the Byram-Keetch drought index (BKDI) and the drought factor were also calculated. Our results show that increasing temperature and wind speed raises the FDI, flame height, rate of fire spread (ROS) and spotting distance. The amount of fuel does not influence the FDI, but increasing the amount promotes the ROS and raises the flame height. Wind speed was the most important factor in the ROS. A serious fire risk of these plantations was determined. The reliability of McArthur's model was proved by comparison of our results with experimental laboratory data based on literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalActa Botanica Croatica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2011



  • Drought factor
  • Fire danger index
  • Flame height
  • McArthur's model
  • Pinus nigra
  • Plantation
  • Rate of spread
  • Wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this