We study the crossover from the one-dimensional to the two-dimensional Hubbard model in the photoemission spectra of weakly coupled chains. The chains with on-site repulsion are treated using the spin-charge factorized wave function, known to provide an accurate description of the dynamics of the model in the strong coupling limit, while the hoppings between the chains are considered as a perturbation. We calculate dynamical spectral functions at all energies in the random-phase approximation by resuming an infinite set of diagrams. Even though the hoppings drive the system from a fractionalized Luttinger-liquid-like system to a Fermi-liquid-like system at low energies, significant characteristics of the one-dimensional system remain in the two-dimensional system. Furthermore, we find that, of introducing (frustrated) hoppings beyond the nearest-neighbor one, the interference effects increase the energy and momentum range of the one-dimensional character.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 12 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics