Fine structure of growth cones in the upper dorsal horn of the adult primate spinal cord in the course of reactive synapto-neogenesis

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Abstract

Following transganglionic degenerative atrophy of primary afferent terminals induced by a crush-injury of the sciatic nerve, a regenerative process takes places in the upper dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the primate Macacus rhesus. Axonal growth cones are characterized by cisterns of axoplasmic reticulum; filopodia emanating from growth cones are electron-optically translucent sheet-like expansions, often containing growth-cone vesicles. Axoplasmic reticulum appears also in preterminal portions of regenerating axons. Dendritic growth cones contain a fine, filamentous matrix; electron-dense membrane specializations can be seen in well-defined areas of their surfaces. Immature synapses are formed between filopodia of axonal growth cones and dendritic growth cones. Electron-microscopic structures of this unique CNS regeneration are similar to those seen in the course of embryonic development of the spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-641
Number of pages9
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume239
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1985

Fingerprint

Growth Cones
Primates
Cones
Spinal Cord
Reticulum
Pseudopodia
Electrons
Sciatic Nerve
Synapses
Atrophy
Embryonic Development
Axons
Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn
Regeneration
Membranes

Keywords

  • Growth cone
  • Regeneration in CNS
  • Rhesus monkey
  • Spinal cord
  • Synapse formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Following transganglionic degenerative atrophy of primary afferent terminals induced by a crush-injury of the sciatic nerve, a regenerative process takes places in the upper dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the primate Macacus rhesus. Axonal growth cones are characterized by cisterns of axoplasmic reticulum; filopodia emanating from growth cones are electron-optically translucent sheet-like expansions, often containing growth-cone vesicles. Axoplasmic reticulum appears also in preterminal portions of regenerating axons. Dendritic growth cones contain a fine, filamentous matrix; electron-dense membrane specializations can be seen in well-defined areas of their surfaces. Immature synapses are formed between filopodia of axonal growth cones and dendritic growth cones. Electron-microscopic structures of this unique CNS regeneration are similar to those seen in the course of embryonic development of the spinal cord.",
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AU - Knyihár-Csillik, E.

AU - Rakic, Pasko

AU - Csillik, B.

PY - 1985/3

Y1 - 1985/3

N2 - Following transganglionic degenerative atrophy of primary afferent terminals induced by a crush-injury of the sciatic nerve, a regenerative process takes places in the upper dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the primate Macacus rhesus. Axonal growth cones are characterized by cisterns of axoplasmic reticulum; filopodia emanating from growth cones are electron-optically translucent sheet-like expansions, often containing growth-cone vesicles. Axoplasmic reticulum appears also in preterminal portions of regenerating axons. Dendritic growth cones contain a fine, filamentous matrix; electron-dense membrane specializations can be seen in well-defined areas of their surfaces. Immature synapses are formed between filopodia of axonal growth cones and dendritic growth cones. Electron-microscopic structures of this unique CNS regeneration are similar to those seen in the course of embryonic development of the spinal cord.

AB - Following transganglionic degenerative atrophy of primary afferent terminals induced by a crush-injury of the sciatic nerve, a regenerative process takes places in the upper dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord in the primate Macacus rhesus. Axonal growth cones are characterized by cisterns of axoplasmic reticulum; filopodia emanating from growth cones are electron-optically translucent sheet-like expansions, often containing growth-cone vesicles. Axoplasmic reticulum appears also in preterminal portions of regenerating axons. Dendritic growth cones contain a fine, filamentous matrix; electron-dense membrane specializations can be seen in well-defined areas of their surfaces. Immature synapses are formed between filopodia of axonal growth cones and dendritic growth cones. Electron-microscopic structures of this unique CNS regeneration are similar to those seen in the course of embryonic development of the spinal cord.

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KW - Spinal cord

KW - Synapse formation

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