Fine structure of gold nanoparticles stabilized by buthyldithiol: Species identified by Mössbauer spectroscopy

E. Kuzmann, E. Csapó, S. Stichleutner, V. K. Garg, A. C. de Oliveira, S. W. da Silva, L. H. Sing, S. S. Pati, E. M. Guimaraes, A. Lengyel, I. Dékány, K. Lázár

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Abstract

Stabilized gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were prepared with 4:2.6 Au to buthyldithiol stoichiometry using modified Brust synthesis. The size of the particles falls into the 1.3-4 nm range in which the molecular cluster - metallic particle transition takes place. Stabilized particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM/HRTEM). Moreover, numerous spectroscopic techniques like UV-vis, infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman, photoacoustic and Mössbauer spectroscopies were also used for detailed structural identification of the functionalized Au NPs. The presence of Au. S bonds was proven by FTIR and Raman spectra. It was found that the distribution of covering thiol layer is uneven, therefore the presence of uncovered surface gold atoms can be assumed at the applied stoichiometry. In good coincidence, four types of gold species could be identified in the corresponding Mössbauer spectrum. They can be attributed to metallic gold in the core, to bare gold in the surface layer, to surface gold atoms attached to thiol, and finally, to gold atoms pulled out from the particle, located in S. Au. S bridges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 5 2016

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Keywords

  • Au Mössbauer spectroscopy
  • Au NPs
  • Gold nanocluster
  • Structural identification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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