Field data on the presence of spiders preying on western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) in Szeged region, Hungary

F. Tóth, L. Horváth, J. Komáromi, J. Kiss, E. Széll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The western corn rootworm (WCR). Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, is a new pest of corn in Europe. Future management may include the use of natural enemies. Our study focused on the determination of density and species composition of spiders in corn fields, as well as in the adjacent corn field margins, during the peak flight period of WCR adults. An additional objective was to test different sampling methods, used for spider collecting, in corn fields and in adjacent corn field margins. The field study was conducted in July and August, 1999, in experimental corn plots, as well as in the adjacent field margins, owned by the Cereal Research Institute, Szeged, in Southern Hungary. Spiders were collected by individual plant search and by sweep nets. Number of spiders /m2 was significantly higher, whereas /m3 was significantly lower in the corn plots compared to the adjacent field margins. Remnants of WCR adults were found in the theridiid [Theridion impressum L. Koch, T. pictum (Walckenaer). Enoplognatha latimana Hippa and Oksala] and agelenid (Agelena sp.) webs. We observed that individuals both families were able to kill 1-5 adult beetles within 90 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalActa Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Volume37
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 11 2002

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Keywords

  • Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
  • Spider enemies of Diabrotica
  • Western corn rootworm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Insect Science

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