A keratin-degrading strain of Bacillus licheniformis (K-508) was isolated from partially-degraded feathers and characterised. It had high chicken feather-degrading activity when cultured in feather-containing broth, with a growth optimum at pH 7 and 47°C. Broth filtrates were active towards N-Bz-Phe-Val-Arg-p-nitroanilide and N-Suc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Phe-p-nitroanilide, as chromogenic protease substrates at pH 8. Strain K-508 displays keratinolytic activity against native feather keratin (without any pretreatment) in the presence of SH-reducing compounds. It constitutively secreted both trypsin-like and chymotrypsin-like proteases.
- Bacillus licheniformis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology