Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary

J. Lanszki, Sándor Körmendi, Csaba Hancz, Andrzej Zalewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seasonal feeding habits of the red fox Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus, 1758), the stone marten Martes foina (Erxleben, 1777), the stoat Mustela erminea Linnaeus, 1758, the badger Meles meles (Linnaeus, 1758) and the otter Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) were studied in south-west Hungary, in the course of four years. The habitat conditions, because of human influences, were different in the first and second two years. Diet was examined by scat analysis (238, 262, 67, 50 and 1033 samples, respectively). Small mammals, mainly rodents, were the most important prey for foxes, stone martens and stoats in winter and spring. In summer and autumn insects and fruit were added to fox and marten diet, while birds were added to stoat diet. The badger's main food resources were invertebrates (mainly insects) and maize and, in autumn, rodents. Domestic animals (mainly poultry and rabbit) occurred in the diet of the foxes and martens in all seasons, carcasses (mainly Cervidae) in the diet of these predators and in that of the badgers. The predominant prey of otters was fish, but when the abundance of fish declined, the consumption of amphibians increased. Predation on game birds and hare was not significant. In all seasons, niche overlap was high between foxes, martens and stoats. Niche overlap between these species and the badger increased from spring to autumn. Niche overlap between terrestrial predators and the otter was low. The diet of predators were different between the 1st and 2nd periods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-442
Number of pages14
JournalActa Theriologica
Volume44
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999

Fingerprint

niche overlap
Carnivora
Mustela erminea
Hungary
niches
badgers
diet
foxes
Martes
autumn
Vulpes vulpes
predator
predators
rodent
rodents
insect
game birds
Cervidae
bird
Lutra lutra

Keywords

  • Carnivora
  • Diet
  • Habitat change
  • Hungary
  • Niche overlap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Lanszki, J., Körmendi, S., Hancz, C., & Zalewski, A. (1999). Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary. Acta Theriologica, 44(4), 429-442.

Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary. / Lanszki, J.; Körmendi, Sándor; Hancz, Csaba; Zalewski, Andrzej.

In: Acta Theriologica, Vol. 44, No. 4, 12.1999, p. 429-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanszki, J, Körmendi, S, Hancz, C & Zalewski, A 1999, 'Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary', Acta Theriologica, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 429-442.
Lanszki, J. ; Körmendi, Sándor ; Hancz, Csaba ; Zalewski, Andrzej. / Feeding habits and trophic niche overlap in a Carnivora community of Hungary. In: Acta Theriologica. 1999 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 429-442.
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