Favorable early outcome of carotid artery stenting without protection devices

László K. Sztriha, Erika Vörös, Katalin Sas, Réka Szentgyörgyi, Anna Pócsik, Pál Barzó, Péter Szikra, Attila Makai, Alex Szólics, Péter Elek, László Rudas, László Vécsei

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Protection devices are increasingly used in carotid artery stenting. However, no randomized trial has been conducted to evaluate the efficacy of such devices, and arguments have also been formulated against their routine use. We set out to investigate the complication rates associated with carotid artery stenting performed without protection devices. Applicability of covered stents in the carotid system was also evaluated. Methods - Between January 2001 and July 2003, 245 consecutive patients (260 hemispheres) underwent carotid artery stenting. No protection devices were applied. Covered stents were implanted in 31 (12.1%) cases. The incidence of complications during the intervention and the subsequent 30-day follow-up period was recorded. Results - The technical success rate was 98.8%. One postprocedural nonneurological death (0.4%) occurred. Neurological complications (inclusive of transient ischemic attacks) were observed in 14 cases (5.4%). The rate of major complications (death, major stroke, and myocardial infarction) was 1.6% among the symptomatic and 1.5% among the asymptomatic cases. The rate of minor strokes was 3.2% in the symptomatic and 1.5% in the asymptomatic group. Of the neurological complications, 64.3% occurred postprocedurally. No ipsilateral neurological complications were detected in the subgroup treated with covered stents. Conclusions - Carotid artery stenting without protection devices appears to be safe. Most of the neurological complications could not have been prevented with protection devices, because they occurred after the intervention. The application of covered stents may reduce the rate of embolization-related complications in the periprocedural period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2862-2866
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Carotid arteries
  • Embolism
  • Protective devices
  • Stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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