Faunistic similarity and endemism of earthworms in east mediterranean region

TomአPavlíček, C. Csuzdi, Mete Misirlioǧlu, Boris Vilenkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis presents earthworm distribution in eight designated tectonic units (C-Cyprus, EP-East Pondites, ET-East Taurus block, Sc-Sakarya continent, Kb-Ki{dotless}rşehir block, L-the Levant, TM-Taurus-Menderes block, WP-West Pondites) in the East Mediterranean region (EM). It represents a full list of earthworm species (N = 81) of the region and reveals significant faunal similarities between Sc + WP, and between Kb + TM. The new Sc + WP unit is characterized by the presence of archaic (Spermophorodrilus) as well as modern earthworm fauna. In contrast, the second newly established Kb + TM unit is characterized by poorly presented earthworm autochthonous fauna and by a lack of endemic species. The analysis done on the species list (N = 73) representing the autochthonous family Lumbricidae showed statistically supported separation of L and EP between themselves and from other designated units. The Levant, part of the Arabian tectonic plate, is characterized by a high level of endemism in ancient (Healyella) and modern (Dendrobaena, Perelia) genera, and by the lack of archaic genera. The EP harbors unique species representing archaic (Eophila), ancient (Healyella), and modern (Allolobophora, Aporrectodea,Dendrobaena and Eisenia) earthworm genera in the EM. The analysis also indicates origin of earthworm fauna in TM and faunistic relationships among the designated units. Clearly, the present-day division of the EM earthworm fauna shows recognizable influences of tectonic history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1989-2001
Number of pages13
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

faunistics
endemism
earthworms
Mediterranean region
earthworm
indigenous species
tectonics
Dendrobaena
fauna
Allolobophora
Eisenia (Annelida)
Aporrectodea
Lumbricidae
tectonic plate
Cyprus
endemic species
harbor
history
analysis

Keywords

  • Earthworms
  • East Mediterranean
  • Endemism
  • Levant
  • Lumbricidae
  • Regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Faunistic similarity and endemism of earthworms in east mediterranean region. / Pavlíček, TomáŠ; Csuzdi, C.; Misirlioǧlu, Mete; Vilenkin, Boris.

In: Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 19, No. 7, 06.2010, p. 1989-2001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavlíček, Tomአ; Csuzdi, C. ; Misirlioǧlu, Mete ; Vilenkin, Boris. / Faunistic similarity and endemism of earthworms in east mediterranean region. In: Biodiversity and Conservation. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 7. pp. 1989-2001.
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