Fast method for longitudinal relaxation time and water content mapping of the human brain on a clinical MR scanner

F. Kövér, A. Schwarcz, J. Pál, P. Bogner, T. Vajna, G. Vadon, T. Dóczi, Parvin S. Minhas, Barrie Condon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Longitudinal relaxation time (T 1) map generation from human brain slices renders possible the in vivo follow-up of the changes in T 1 values during the course of several pathologies such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury etc. T 1 values can be converted to water contents, thus brain oedema reducing therapy can be non-invasively evaluated. The purpose of the study was to work out a fast and simple MRI method to obtain T 1 and water maps of the human brain. Method. The T 1 values of Gadolinium solutions with different concentrations were determined by means of MRI methods at a clinical MR scanner operating at 1 Tesla. In order to validate these measurements, T 1 values of the same Gadolinium solutions were also quantified with a relaxometer operating at the same field strength. T 1 and water maps from the brains of healthy volunteers were obtained with an inversion prepared spoiled gradient echo sequence (turbo-FLASH). Findings. The T 1 values of Gadolinium solutions measured with the relaxometer showed a strong correlation (r>0.999) with those determined with MRI sequences on the whole body scanner. The fastest MRI method to produce T 1 and consequent water maps from human brain was the inversion prepared turbo-FLASH sequence. Conclusions. The implemented turbo-FLASH method can produce T 1 and water map of a single virtual brain slice within 2 minutes. However, brain tissue containing haemorrhage should be excluded from the measurement due to the large influence of excessive haemoglobin concentration on longitudinal relaxation. The proposed method is available on most of the MR scanners, thus T 1 and water mapping of human brain can be routinely performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1346
Number of pages6
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume146
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

Brain Mapping
Water
Gadolinium
Brain
Brain Edema
Multiple Sclerosis
Healthy Volunteers
Hemoglobins
Stroke
Pathology
Hemorrhage

Keywords

  • MRI
  • Oedema
  • Quantification
  • T
  • Water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Fast method for longitudinal relaxation time and water content mapping of the human brain on a clinical MR scanner. / Kövér, F.; Schwarcz, A.; Pál, J.; Bogner, P.; Vajna, T.; Vadon, G.; Dóczi, T.; Minhas, Parvin S.; Condon, Barrie.

In: Acta Neurochirurgica, Vol. 146, No. 12, 12.2004, p. 1341-1346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kövér, F. ; Schwarcz, A. ; Pál, J. ; Bogner, P. ; Vajna, T. ; Vadon, G. ; Dóczi, T. ; Minhas, Parvin S. ; Condon, Barrie. / Fast method for longitudinal relaxation time and water content mapping of the human brain on a clinical MR scanner. In: Acta Neurochirurgica. 2004 ; Vol. 146, No. 12. pp. 1341-1346.
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