Fast internal conversion, dual fluorescence and intramolecular charge transfer in 9-cyano-10-(dimethylamino)anthracene

Sergei Druzhinin, A. Demeter, Meinhard Niebuer, Erich Tauer, Klaas A. Zachariasse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The deactivation of the singlet excited state of 9-cyano-10-(dimethylamino)anthracene (CDA) in a variety of solvents predominantly takes place by way of internal conversion (IC), with a yield of ∼0.97 in n-propylcyanide, whereas intersystem crossing and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) only play a minor role. The ICT reaction leads to dual fluorescence, from a locally excited (LE) and a charge transfer (CT) state. The CT/LE fluorescence quantum yield ratio Φ′(CT)/Φ(LE) becomes larger with increasing solvent polarity, from ∼0.1 in cyclopentane to 3.7 in n-propylcyanide at -92°C. The LE and CT fluorescence decays, with shortest decay times of several tens of picoseconds, are measured as a function of temperature and a growing-in of the CT fluorescence is observed at -110°C in n-propylcyanide. The occurrence of IC is connected with the amino twist angle relative to the anthracene plane of CDA in the ground state. The S2 fluorescence reported for CDA in the literature is attributed to the presence of a small amount of a highly fluorescing impurity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-550
Number of pages20
JournalResearch on Chemical Intermediates
Volume25
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Charge transfer
Fluorescence
Cyclopentanes
Quantum yield
anthracene
Excited states
Ground state
Impurities
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Fast internal conversion, dual fluorescence and intramolecular charge transfer in 9-cyano-10-(dimethylamino)anthracene. / Druzhinin, Sergei; Demeter, A.; Niebuer, Meinhard; Tauer, Erich; Zachariasse, Klaas A.

In: Research on Chemical Intermediates, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1999, p. 531-550.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Druzhinin, Sergei ; Demeter, A. ; Niebuer, Meinhard ; Tauer, Erich ; Zachariasse, Klaas A. / Fast internal conversion, dual fluorescence and intramolecular charge transfer in 9-cyano-10-(dimethylamino)anthracene. In: Research on Chemical Intermediates. 1999 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 531-550.
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