Fast in vivo water quantification in rat brain oedema based on T1 measurement at high magnetic field

A. Schwarcz, Z. Berente, E. Ösz, T. Dóczi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. In vivo water content determination based on magnetic resonance (MR) method is of importance in clinical practice as well as in animal studies to follow up the treatment given in order to reduce brain oedema. The methods proposed in the literature so far are largely time consuming. The aim of this study was to find a fast in vivo water quantification method having real advantage for patients suffering from critical conditions. Method. Cold injury was applied to provoke brain oedema in fourteen rats. T1 values of both the oedematous area and the contralateral normal cortex were determined by two independent methods 24 hours after the cold impact. First, from a series of images recorded by inversion recovery spin echo (IRSE) sequence and then by progressive saturation experiment performed by localised MR spectroscopy using stimulated echo acquisition mode (STEAM). To reduce the acquisition time, a two-element repetition time array was optimised for the STEAM experiment, whereas four inversion times were used for T1 mapping. Both methods were validated against gel phantoms with known T1 values. After the MR measurements the animals were sacrificed and the water contents of the regions of interest were determined by gravimetric wet-dry method. Findings. The reciprocals of the in vivo measured T1 values were correlated with the reciprocals of the brain water contents. STEAM experiment showed stronger correlation (r = 0.96) than IRSE (r = 0.93). In addition, STEAM provided more accurate T1 values in the phantom study. Determination of brain water content based on T1 measurement does work also at high magnetic field. Determination of brain water content by Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy is feasible within 2 minutes. Interpretation. Using the presented fast method, water content can be determined within a couple of minutes in animal experiments as well as in the daily clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-816
Number of pages6
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume144
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Brain Edema
Magnetic Fields
Water
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Brain
Gels

Keywords

  • Brain oedema
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Rat
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Fast in vivo water quantification in rat brain oedema based on T1 measurement at high magnetic field. / Schwarcz, A.; Berente, Z.; Ösz, E.; Dóczi, T.

In: Acta Neurochirurgica, Vol. 144, No. 8, 2002, p. 811-816.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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