Failure mode and damage zone development in a GMT-PP by acoustic emission and thermography

J. Karger-Kocsis, Zs Fejes-Kozma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The failure behavior and the damage zone growth in a glass fiber mat-reinforced thermoplastic polypropylene (GMT-PP) were studied on static tensile loaded single-edge notched (SEN-T) and compact-tension (CT) specimens at room temperature by using different techniques, such as light microscopy (LM), acoustic emission (AE) and infrared thermography (IT). In the knowledge of the assignation of the AE parameters to the individual failure events the failure sequence was concluded. It was established by AE that the failure mode, and especially the onset of fiber fracture, strongly depends on the fiber content (Vf) of the GMT-PP. This was attributed to an impediment in the mesh-type deformability of the reinforcing mat by increasing Vf. The size of the damage zone was considerably underestimated when deduced from the stress-whitened zone in the LM pictures taken during the loading of the specimens (diameter≈5 mm). Location of the AE by a four sensors array resulted in much higher values (diameter≈30 mm) being practically unaffected by Vf in the studied range (Vf≈20 to 30 vol.%). The damage zone size derived from IT layed between those of LM and AE (diameter≈11-16 mm). The occurrence of such a large damage zone clearly demonstrates that reliable mechanical data on GMTs can be determined only by using specimens of adequate size (width). It was assumed that the whole damage zone (encompassing a process and a dissipation part) is assessed by AE during the whole fracture process, whereas LM and IT reflect mostly its process zone constituent in the crack initiation and propagation stages, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-792
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1994

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Polypropylenes
Acoustic emissions
Glass fibers
Failure modes
Thermoplastics
Optical microscopy
Fibers
Sensor arrays
Formability
Crack initiation
fiberglass
Crack propagation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Failure mode and damage zone development in a GMT-PP by acoustic emission and thermography. / Karger-Kocsis, J.; Fejes-Kozma, Zs.

In: Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 13, No. 9, 09.1994, p. 768-792.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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