Factor Structure of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale

A Bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Dóra Vajda, Barna Konkolÿ Thege, S. Rózsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring relationship quality. Considering the discrepancies across studies regarding the relationship of the underlying constructs of the DAS, the aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the scale by applying bifactor models using confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) approaches. The sample consisted of 483 couples recruited in Hungary. The analysis revealed that the bifactor-ESEM yielded the best fit to the data (CFI =.90, RMSEA =.05, WRMR =.88). Further, strict invariance between the sexes was observed for this model. Omega hierarchical coefficients indicated outstanding reliability for the general factor (.86), acceptable estimates for the Dyadic Consensus (.60) and Cohesion (.57) subdomains, but poor reliability for the Dyadic Satisfaction (.22) and Affectional Expression (.36) factors; suggesting that the individual interpretation of these latter two subconstructs must be made with caution.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - May 4 2017

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Hungary
Consensus
chemotactic factor inactivator

Keywords

  • bifactor model
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • Dyadic Adjustment Scale
  • exploratory structural equation modeling
  • factor structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

@article{4506a1da6f834bedb9d96a6c03672daf,
title = "Factor Structure of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale: A Bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Approach",
abstract = "The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring relationship quality. Considering the discrepancies across studies regarding the relationship of the underlying constructs of the DAS, the aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the scale by applying bifactor models using confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) approaches. The sample consisted of 483 couples recruited in Hungary. The analysis revealed that the bifactor-ESEM yielded the best fit to the data (CFI =.90, RMSEA =.05, WRMR =.88). Further, strict invariance between the sexes was observed for this model. Omega hierarchical coefficients indicated outstanding reliability for the general factor (.86), acceptable estimates for the Dyadic Consensus (.60) and Cohesion (.57) subdomains, but poor reliability for the Dyadic Satisfaction (.22) and Affectional Expression (.36) factors; suggesting that the individual interpretation of these latter two subconstructs must be made with caution.",
keywords = "bifactor model, confirmatory factor analysis, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, exploratory structural equation modeling, factor structure",
author = "D{\'o}ra Vajda and Thege, {Barna Konkol{\"y}} and S. R{\'o}zsa",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1027/1015-5759/a000405",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1015-5759",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factor Structure of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale

T2 - A Bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling Approach

AU - Vajda, Dóra

AU - Thege, Barna Konkolÿ

AU - Rózsa, S.

PY - 2017/5/4

Y1 - 2017/5/4

N2 - The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring relationship quality. Considering the discrepancies across studies regarding the relationship of the underlying constructs of the DAS, the aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the scale by applying bifactor models using confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) approaches. The sample consisted of 483 couples recruited in Hungary. The analysis revealed that the bifactor-ESEM yielded the best fit to the data (CFI =.90, RMSEA =.05, WRMR =.88). Further, strict invariance between the sexes was observed for this model. Omega hierarchical coefficients indicated outstanding reliability for the general factor (.86), acceptable estimates for the Dyadic Consensus (.60) and Cohesion (.57) subdomains, but poor reliability for the Dyadic Satisfaction (.22) and Affectional Expression (.36) factors; suggesting that the individual interpretation of these latter two subconstructs must be made with caution.

AB - The Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring relationship quality. Considering the discrepancies across studies regarding the relationship of the underlying constructs of the DAS, the aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure of the scale by applying bifactor models using confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) approaches. The sample consisted of 483 couples recruited in Hungary. The analysis revealed that the bifactor-ESEM yielded the best fit to the data (CFI =.90, RMSEA =.05, WRMR =.88). Further, strict invariance between the sexes was observed for this model. Omega hierarchical coefficients indicated outstanding reliability for the general factor (.86), acceptable estimates for the Dyadic Consensus (.60) and Cohesion (.57) subdomains, but poor reliability for the Dyadic Satisfaction (.22) and Affectional Expression (.36) factors; suggesting that the individual interpretation of these latter two subconstructs must be made with caution.

KW - bifactor model

KW - confirmatory factor analysis

KW - Dyadic Adjustment Scale

KW - exploratory structural equation modeling

KW - factor structure

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047503477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047503477&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1027/1015-5759/a000405

DO - 10.1027/1015-5759/a000405

M3 - Article

JO - European Journal of Psychological Assessment

JF - European Journal of Psychological Assessment

SN - 1015-5759

ER -