Facile synthesis of CuS nanoparticles deposited on polymer nanocomposite foam and their effects on microstructural and optical properties

Melek Cumbul Altay, Elvin Y. Malikov, Goncha M. Eyvazova, Mustafa B. Muradov, Oktay H. Akperov, Robert Puskás, Dániel Madarász, Zoltán Kónya, Ákos Kukovecz

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CuS nano particles synthesized by a sonication process were deposited onto oxidized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) dispersed in maleic anhydride octane 1 (MAO) copolymer matrix. MWCNTs were prepared by catalytic chemical vapor deposition from ethylene over a Co, Fe/alumina catalyst, MAO was grafted with oxidized MWCNTs under sonication at 353 K for 3 h. CuS nanoparticles were prepared from copper acetate dihydrate and thiocarbamide in this matrix while heating for 2 h. The resulting nanocomposite matrix featured uniform MWCNT dispersion and a peculiar foam-like morphology which was attributed to the effect of ultrasonic cavitation. The mean diameter of the obtained embedded hexagonal CuS nanoparticles was 3.2 nm. The optical band gap of the final product was calculated to be 2.28 eV which suggests that the CuS-MWCNT-MAO nanocomposite can be evaluated as a potential solar protection material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • (STEM)
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Foam
  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Scanning/transmission electron microscopy
  • Sonication process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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