Facies and diagenetic evaluation of the Permian-Triassic boundary interval and basal Triassic carbonates

Shallow and deep ramp sections, Hungary

Kinga Hips, J. Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Permian-Triassic boundary and basal Triassic shallow-marine successions were studied and correlated in sections of two structural units in Hungary (Transdanubian Range and Bükk units). Core sections in the Transdanubian Range unit recovered inner ramp deposits whereas outcrops in the Bükk unit expose deposits of the deeper ramp area of the western Tethys. The inner ramp section (studied ca. 10 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of dolomites overlain by bioclastic limestones, peloidal grainstones (which recorded the biotic decline) and oolites with finely crystalline limestone interlayers. The deeper ramp section (studied ca. 15 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of bioclastic limestones and marlstones, mudstone beds (recording the first biotic decline), the 'boundary shales' (recording the second biotic decline and the stable carbon isotope marker), mudstones with wackestone laminae, and stromatolite boundstones. Accordingly, oolite formation and microbial micrite precipitation represent carbonate sedimentary responses of end-Permian mass extinction on the carbonate shelf. In both successions, mudstones predominate the upsection, suggesting a relative sea-level rise. The succession of the deep ramp area exhibits a continuous sediment accumulation and the diagenesis here was influenced by marine and marine-derived pore water. The δ13C curve shows a continuous change towards more negative values, starting in bioclastic limestones, followed by a sharp symmetric negative peak at the second biotic decline that is a chemostratigraphic marker of the boundary event. Facies and microfacies trend of the inner ramp carbonates in the Transdanubian Range unit exhibits close similarities to that found in many South Alpine sections. Relict peloidal deposits, formed cemented submarine hardground substrate, indicate the extinction level. Sedimentary and diagenetic features of the overlying oolite bedset revealed slightly different depositional environments in the two studied Transdanubian Range unit sections. Petrography of the oolites highlighted shallow burial diagenetic alterations which includes marine cementation, marine-burial replacement and dolomitization. A lack of the specific negative peak in the δ13C values is most likely due to the multiple redeposition events of the sedimentary grains. This led to the conclusion that the deeper ramp deposits (e.g., in Bükk unit) have greater potential for recognizing trends in processes, affecting the marine environments and related to the end-Permian mass extinction, at the western Tethys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-442
Number of pages22
JournalFacies
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Permian-Triassic boundary
Triassic
carbonate
limestone
mudstone
oolite
mass extinction
Tethys
Permian
stromatolite
carbonate ramp
micrite
redeposition
grainstone
microfacies
dolomitization
marl
petrography
cementation
depositional environment

Keywords

  • Diagenesis
  • Microbialites
  • Oolites
  • Permian-Triassic boundary
  • Relict peloidal deposits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Palaeontology
  • Stratigraphy

Cite this

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title = "Facies and diagenetic evaluation of the Permian-Triassic boundary interval and basal Triassic carbonates: Shallow and deep ramp sections, Hungary",
abstract = "The Permian-Triassic boundary and basal Triassic shallow-marine successions were studied and correlated in sections of two structural units in Hungary (Transdanubian Range and B{\"u}kk units). Core sections in the Transdanubian Range unit recovered inner ramp deposits whereas outcrops in the B{\"u}kk unit expose deposits of the deeper ramp area of the western Tethys. The inner ramp section (studied ca. 10 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of dolomites overlain by bioclastic limestones, peloidal grainstones (which recorded the biotic decline) and oolites with finely crystalline limestone interlayers. The deeper ramp section (studied ca. 15 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of bioclastic limestones and marlstones, mudstone beds (recording the first biotic decline), the 'boundary shales' (recording the second biotic decline and the stable carbon isotope marker), mudstones with wackestone laminae, and stromatolite boundstones. Accordingly, oolite formation and microbial micrite precipitation represent carbonate sedimentary responses of end-Permian mass extinction on the carbonate shelf. In both successions, mudstones predominate the upsection, suggesting a relative sea-level rise. The succession of the deep ramp area exhibits a continuous sediment accumulation and the diagenesis here was influenced by marine and marine-derived pore water. The δ13C curve shows a continuous change towards more negative values, starting in bioclastic limestones, followed by a sharp symmetric negative peak at the second biotic decline that is a chemostratigraphic marker of the boundary event. Facies and microfacies trend of the inner ramp carbonates in the Transdanubian Range unit exhibits close similarities to that found in many South Alpine sections. Relict peloidal deposits, formed cemented submarine hardground substrate, indicate the extinction level. Sedimentary and diagenetic features of the overlying oolite bedset revealed slightly different depositional environments in the two studied Transdanubian Range unit sections. Petrography of the oolites highlighted shallow burial diagenetic alterations which includes marine cementation, marine-burial replacement and dolomitization. A lack of the specific negative peak in the δ13C values is most likely due to the multiple redeposition events of the sedimentary grains. This led to the conclusion that the deeper ramp deposits (e.g., in B{\"u}kk unit) have greater potential for recognizing trends in processes, affecting the marine environments and related to the end-Permian mass extinction, at the western Tethys.",
keywords = "Diagenesis, Microbialites, Oolites, Permian-Triassic boundary, Relict peloidal deposits",
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T1 - Facies and diagenetic evaluation of the Permian-Triassic boundary interval and basal Triassic carbonates

T2 - Shallow and deep ramp sections, Hungary

AU - Hips, Kinga

AU - Haas, J.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The Permian-Triassic boundary and basal Triassic shallow-marine successions were studied and correlated in sections of two structural units in Hungary (Transdanubian Range and Bükk units). Core sections in the Transdanubian Range unit recovered inner ramp deposits whereas outcrops in the Bükk unit expose deposits of the deeper ramp area of the western Tethys. The inner ramp section (studied ca. 10 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of dolomites overlain by bioclastic limestones, peloidal grainstones (which recorded the biotic decline) and oolites with finely crystalline limestone interlayers. The deeper ramp section (studied ca. 15 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of bioclastic limestones and marlstones, mudstone beds (recording the first biotic decline), the 'boundary shales' (recording the second biotic decline and the stable carbon isotope marker), mudstones with wackestone laminae, and stromatolite boundstones. Accordingly, oolite formation and microbial micrite precipitation represent carbonate sedimentary responses of end-Permian mass extinction on the carbonate shelf. In both successions, mudstones predominate the upsection, suggesting a relative sea-level rise. The succession of the deep ramp area exhibits a continuous sediment accumulation and the diagenesis here was influenced by marine and marine-derived pore water. The δ13C curve shows a continuous change towards more negative values, starting in bioclastic limestones, followed by a sharp symmetric negative peak at the second biotic decline that is a chemostratigraphic marker of the boundary event. Facies and microfacies trend of the inner ramp carbonates in the Transdanubian Range unit exhibits close similarities to that found in many South Alpine sections. Relict peloidal deposits, formed cemented submarine hardground substrate, indicate the extinction level. Sedimentary and diagenetic features of the overlying oolite bedset revealed slightly different depositional environments in the two studied Transdanubian Range unit sections. Petrography of the oolites highlighted shallow burial diagenetic alterations which includes marine cementation, marine-burial replacement and dolomitization. A lack of the specific negative peak in the δ13C values is most likely due to the multiple redeposition events of the sedimentary grains. This led to the conclusion that the deeper ramp deposits (e.g., in Bükk unit) have greater potential for recognizing trends in processes, affecting the marine environments and related to the end-Permian mass extinction, at the western Tethys.

AB - The Permian-Triassic boundary and basal Triassic shallow-marine successions were studied and correlated in sections of two structural units in Hungary (Transdanubian Range and Bükk units). Core sections in the Transdanubian Range unit recovered inner ramp deposits whereas outcrops in the Bükk unit expose deposits of the deeper ramp area of the western Tethys. The inner ramp section (studied ca. 10 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of dolomites overlain by bioclastic limestones, peloidal grainstones (which recorded the biotic decline) and oolites with finely crystalline limestone interlayers. The deeper ramp section (studied ca. 15 m in thickness) is characterized by a succession of bioclastic limestones and marlstones, mudstone beds (recording the first biotic decline), the 'boundary shales' (recording the second biotic decline and the stable carbon isotope marker), mudstones with wackestone laminae, and stromatolite boundstones. Accordingly, oolite formation and microbial micrite precipitation represent carbonate sedimentary responses of end-Permian mass extinction on the carbonate shelf. In both successions, mudstones predominate the upsection, suggesting a relative sea-level rise. The succession of the deep ramp area exhibits a continuous sediment accumulation and the diagenesis here was influenced by marine and marine-derived pore water. The δ13C curve shows a continuous change towards more negative values, starting in bioclastic limestones, followed by a sharp symmetric negative peak at the second biotic decline that is a chemostratigraphic marker of the boundary event. Facies and microfacies trend of the inner ramp carbonates in the Transdanubian Range unit exhibits close similarities to that found in many South Alpine sections. Relict peloidal deposits, formed cemented submarine hardground substrate, indicate the extinction level. Sedimentary and diagenetic features of the overlying oolite bedset revealed slightly different depositional environments in the two studied Transdanubian Range unit sections. Petrography of the oolites highlighted shallow burial diagenetic alterations which includes marine cementation, marine-burial replacement and dolomitization. A lack of the specific negative peak in the δ13C values is most likely due to the multiple redeposition events of the sedimentary grains. This led to the conclusion that the deeper ramp deposits (e.g., in Bükk unit) have greater potential for recognizing trends in processes, affecting the marine environments and related to the end-Permian mass extinction, at the western Tethys.

KW - Diagenesis

KW - Microbialites

KW - Oolites

KW - Permian-Triassic boundary

KW - Relict peloidal deposits

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