Extracellular matrix molecules exhibit unique expression pattern in the climbing fiber-generating precerebellar nucleus, the inferior olive

S. Kecskes, B. Gaál, Rácz, A. Birinyi, A. Hunyadi, C. Matesz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulates around different neuronal compartments of the central nervous system (CNS) or appears in diffuse reticular form throughout the neuropil. In the adult CNS, the perineuronal net (PNN) surrounds the perikarya and dendrites of various neuron types, whereas the axonal coats are aggregations of ECM around the individual synapses, and the nodal ECM is localized at the nodes of Ranvier. Previous studies in our laboratory demonstrated on rats that the heterogeneous distribution and molecular composition of ECM is associated with the variable cytoarchitecture and hodological organization of the vestibular nuclei and may also be related to their specific functions in gaze and posture control as well as in the compensatory mechanisms following vestibular lesion. Here, we investigated the ECM expression pattern in the climbing fiber-generating inferior olive (IO), which is functionally related to the vestibular nuclei. By using histochemical and immunohistochemical methods, the most characteristic finding was the lack of PNNs, presumably due to the absence of synapses on the perikarya and proximal dendrites of IO neurons. On the other hand, the darkly stained dots or ring-like structures in the neuropil might represent the periaxonal coats around the axon terminals of olivary synaptic glomeruli. We have observed positive ECM reaction for the hyaluronan, tenascin-R, hyaluronan and proteoglycan link protein 1 (HAPLN1) and various chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans. The staining intensity and distribution of ECM molecules revealed a number of differences between the functionally different subnuclei of IO. We hypothesized that the different molecular composition and intensity differences of ECM reaction is associated with different control mechanisms of gaze and posture control executed by the visuomotor-vestibular, somatosensory and integrative subnuclei of the IO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-421
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume284
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2015

Fingerprint

Extracellular Matrix
Vestibular Nuclei
Neuropil
Hyaluronic Acid
Dendrites
Posture
Synapses
Central Nervous System
Ranvier's Nodes
Chondroitin Sulfate Proteoglycans
Neurons
Presynaptic Terminals
Proteoglycans
Staining and Labeling

Keywords

  • Brainstem
  • Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans
  • Hyaluronan
  • Link protein
  • Tenascin-R
  • Vestibular system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Extracellular matrix molecules exhibit unique expression pattern in the climbing fiber-generating precerebellar nucleus, the inferior olive. / Kecskes, S.; Gaál, B.; Rácz; Birinyi, A.; Hunyadi, A.; Matesz, C.

In: Neuroscience, Vol. 284, 02.01.2015, p. 412-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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