Extracellular level of GABA and Glu: In vivo microdialysis-HPLC measurements

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60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of several studies showing specific physiological functions of changes in the extracellular level of the major excitatory and inhibitory transmitters, Glu and GABA within the brain ([Glu]EXT, [GABA]EXT) the exact origin (neuronal vs. astroglial, synaptic vs. extrasynaptic) of Glu and GABA present in dialysate samples is still a matter of debate. For better understanding the significance of in vivo microdialysis data, here we discuss methodological details and problems in addition to regulation of [Glu]EXT and [GABA]EXT. Changes in [Glu]EXT and [GABA]EXT under pathological conditions such as ischemia and epilepsy are also reviewed. Based on recent in vivo microdialysis data we argue that ambient [Glu]EXT and [GABA]EXT may have a functional role. It is suggested that specific changes in concentrations of Glu and GABA in dialysate samples together with their alterations independent of neuronal activity indicate the involvement of Glu and GABA in the information processing of the brain as essential signaling molecules of nonsynaptic transmission as well. Since various drugs are able to interfere with extrasynaptic signals in vivo, studying the extracellular cell-to-cell communication of brain cells represents a new aspect to improve drugs modulating Gluergic as well as GABAergic neurotransmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-940
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2006

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Microdialysis
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Brain
Dialysis Solutions
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Transmitters
Molecules
N-(gamma-aminobutyryl)glutamic acid
Communication
Automatic Data Processing
Cell Communication
Synaptic Transmission
Epilepsy
Ischemia

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Ischemia
  • Nonsynaptic signaling
  • Origin of GABA and Glu
  • Regulation of ambient GABA and Glu
  • Time-resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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