Extracellular ATP protects against sepsis through macrophage P2X7 purinergic receptors by enhancing intracellular bacterial killing

Balázs Csóka, Zoltan H. Németh, Gabor Töro, Marco Idzko, Andreas Zech, Balázs Koscsó, Zoltan Spolarics, Luca Antonioli, Karolina Cseri, Katalin Erdélyi, Pal Pacher, György Haskó

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47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular ATP binds to and signals through P2X7 receptors (P2X7Rs) to modulate immune function in both inflammasome-dependent and -independent manners. In this study, P2X7-/- mice, the pharmacological agonists ATP-magnesium salt (Mg-ATP; 100 mg/kg, EC50 ≈ 1.32 mM) and benzoylbenzoyl-ATP (Bz-ATP; 10 mg/kg, EC50 ≈ 285 μM), and antagonist oxidized ATP (oxi-ATP; 40 mg/kg, IC50 ≈ 100 μM) were used to show that P2X7R activation is crucial for the control of mortality, bacterial dissemination, and inflammation in cecal ligation and puncture-induced polymicrobial sepsis in mice. Our results with P2X7-/- bone marrow chimeric mice, adoptive transfer of peritoneal macrophages, and myeloid-specific P2X7-/- mice indicate that P2X7R signaling on macrophages is essential for the protective effect of P2X7Rs. P2X7R signaling protects through enhancing bacterial killing by macrophages, which is independent of the inflammasome. By using the connexin (Cx) channel inhibitor Gap27 (0.1 mg/kg, IC50 ≈ 0.25 μM) and pannexin channel inhibitor probenecid (10 mg/kg, IC50 ≈ 11.7 μM), we showed that ATP release through Cx is important for inhibiting inflammation and bacterial burden. In summary, targeting P2X7Rs provides a new opportunity for harnessing an endogenous protective immune mechanism in the treatment of sepsis.-Csóka, B., Németh, Z. H., Töro, G., Idzko, M., Zech, A., Koscsó, B., Spolarics, Z., Antonioli, L., Cseri, K., Erdélyi, K., Pacher, P., Haskó, G. Extracellular ATP protects against sepsis through macrophage P2X7 purinergic receptors by enhancing intracellular bacterial killing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3626-3637
Number of pages12
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume29
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Connexin
  • Inflammasome
  • Inflammation
  • Pannexin
  • Phagocytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Csóka, B., Németh, Z. H., Töro, G., Idzko, M., Zech, A., Koscsó, B., Spolarics, Z., Antonioli, L., Cseri, K., Erdélyi, K., Pacher, P., & Haskó, G. (2015). Extracellular ATP protects against sepsis through macrophage P2X7 purinergic receptors by enhancing intracellular bacterial killing. FASEB Journal, 29(9), 3626-3637. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.15-272450