Extending water vapor trend observations over Boulder into the tropopause region: Trend uncertainties and resulting radiative forcing

A. Kunz, R. Müller, V. Homonnai, I. Jánosi, D. Hurst, A. Rap, P. M. Forster, F. Rohrer, N. Spelten, M. Riese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thirty years of balloon-borne measurements over Boulder (40°N,105°W) are used to investigate the water vapor trend in the tropopause region. This analysis extends previously published trends, usually focusing on altitudes greater than 16 km, to lower altitudes. Two new concepts are applied: (1) Trends are presented in a thermal tropopause (TP) relative coordinate system from -2 km below to 10 km above the TP, and (2) sonde profiles are selected according to TP height. Tropical (TPz>14km), extratropical (TPzz

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11269-11284
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume118
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 16 2013

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radiative forcing
tropopause
Balloons
Steam
boulder
water vapor
uncertainty
trends
sondes
low altitude
balloons
heat
trend
Hot Temperature
Uncertainty
profiles

Keywords

  • radiative forcing
  • tropopause region
  • water vapor trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Extending water vapor trend observations over Boulder into the tropopause region : Trend uncertainties and resulting radiative forcing. / Kunz, A.; Müller, R.; Homonnai, V.; Jánosi, I.; Hurst, D.; Rap, A.; Forster, P. M.; Rohrer, F.; Spelten, N.; Riese, M.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, No. 19, 16.10.2013, p. 11269-11284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kunz, A. ; Müller, R. ; Homonnai, V. ; Jánosi, I. ; Hurst, D. ; Rap, A. ; Forster, P. M. ; Rohrer, F. ; Spelten, N. ; Riese, M. / Extending water vapor trend observations over Boulder into the tropopause region : Trend uncertainties and resulting radiative forcing. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 118, No. 19. pp. 11269-11284.
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