Expression of tobacco genes for light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding proteins of photosystem II is controlled by two circadian oscillators in a developmentally regulated fashion

Claudia Kolar, E. Ádám, Eberhard Schäfer, Ferenc Nagy

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Light-induced expression of genes encoding the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding proteins of photosystem II (Cab) was shown to be controlled by a circadian oscillator coupled to the red-light-absorbing plant photoreceptor phytochrome. Here we show that a red-light-insensitive oscillator is also involved in regulating the expression of the Cab genes. We provide evidence that germination leads, in a light-independent manner, to the setting and/or synchronization of endogenous oscillators and that it induces the expression of Cab genes in a circadian fashion. This circadian oscillator is not coupled to phytochrome, as it cannot be reset by red light for at least 44 h after sowing. Short red light pulses given between 12 and 44 h after sowing, however, induce new rhythms without perturbing the already free-running red-light-independent circadian oscillation. At this stage of development, the phytochrome-coupled and uncoupled circadian rhythms coexist. Both circadian rhythms are expressed and exhibit period lengths close to 24 h but are phased differently. At later stages of development (60 h or later after sowing), red light treatments synchronized these free-running rhythms and led to the appearance of a single new circadian oscillation. These data indicate that during early development the expression of single tobacco Cab genes, particularly expression of the Cab21 and Cab40 genes, is controlled in a developmentally dependent manner by two circadian oscillators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2174-2178
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume92
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 1995

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Chlorophyll Binding Proteins
Photosystem II Protein Complex
Tobacco
Gene Expression
Light
Phytochrome
Circadian Rhythm
Plant Photoreceptors
Biological Clocks
Germination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

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title = "Expression of tobacco genes for light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding proteins of photosystem II is controlled by two circadian oscillators in a developmentally regulated fashion",
abstract = "Light-induced expression of genes encoding the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding proteins of photosystem II (Cab) was shown to be controlled by a circadian oscillator coupled to the red-light-absorbing plant photoreceptor phytochrome. Here we show that a red-light-insensitive oscillator is also involved in regulating the expression of the Cab genes. We provide evidence that germination leads, in a light-independent manner, to the setting and/or synchronization of endogenous oscillators and that it induces the expression of Cab genes in a circadian fashion. This circadian oscillator is not coupled to phytochrome, as it cannot be reset by red light for at least 44 h after sowing. Short red light pulses given between 12 and 44 h after sowing, however, induce new rhythms without perturbing the already free-running red-light-independent circadian oscillation. At this stage of development, the phytochrome-coupled and uncoupled circadian rhythms coexist. Both circadian rhythms are expressed and exhibit period lengths close to 24 h but are phased differently. At later stages of development (60 h or later after sowing), red light treatments synchronized these free-running rhythms and led to the appearance of a single new circadian oscillation. These data indicate that during early development the expression of single tobacco Cab genes, particularly expression of the Cab21 and Cab40 genes, is controlled in a developmentally dependent manner by two circadian oscillators.",
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AU - Ádám, E.

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AU - Nagy, Ferenc

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N2 - Light-induced expression of genes encoding the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b binding proteins of photosystem II (Cab) was shown to be controlled by a circadian oscillator coupled to the red-light-absorbing plant photoreceptor phytochrome. Here we show that a red-light-insensitive oscillator is also involved in regulating the expression of the Cab genes. We provide evidence that germination leads, in a light-independent manner, to the setting and/or synchronization of endogenous oscillators and that it induces the expression of Cab genes in a circadian fashion. This circadian oscillator is not coupled to phytochrome, as it cannot be reset by red light for at least 44 h after sowing. Short red light pulses given between 12 and 44 h after sowing, however, induce new rhythms without perturbing the already free-running red-light-independent circadian oscillation. At this stage of development, the phytochrome-coupled and uncoupled circadian rhythms coexist. Both circadian rhythms are expressed and exhibit period lengths close to 24 h but are phased differently. At later stages of development (60 h or later after sowing), red light treatments synchronized these free-running rhythms and led to the appearance of a single new circadian oscillation. These data indicate that during early development the expression of single tobacco Cab genes, particularly expression of the Cab21 and Cab40 genes, is controlled in a developmentally dependent manner by two circadian oscillators.

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