Expression of terminal complement components by human keratinocytes

Krisztina K. Timár, Attila Dallos, Mária Kiss, Sándor Husz, Jan D. Bos, Syed S. Asghar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


Human keratinocytes are important constituents of the skin immune system. They produce several cytokines, chemokines as well as some complement proteins. As regards soluble complement proteins, so far keratinocytes have been shown to synthesize only C3, factor B, factor H and factor I. Synthesis and regulation of synthesis of other complement proteins has not yet been studied. Here we studied the synthesis of terminal complement components, C5-C9 by human keratinocytes. We also studied the regulation of terminal complement synthesis in keratinocytes by several cytokines, namely, IL-1α, IL-2, IL-6, TGF-β1, TNF-α, and IFN-γ. Human keratinocytes constitutively expressed C5, C7, C8γ and C9 mRNA but not C6, C8α and C8β mRNA. They released C7 and C9, but not C5, C6 and C8. None of the cytokines tested had any influence on the synthesis of terminal components except TNF-α, which strongly upregulated C9 production. In conclusion, we demonstrate that keratinocytes are capable of synthesizing some of the terminal complement components and that the synthesis of C9 is regulated by TNF-α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2578-2586
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2007


  • Complement C5-C9
  • Complement synthesis
  • Cytokines
  • Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology

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