L (leukocyte)-selectin (CD62L) and CD44 are major adhesion receptors that support the rolling of leukocytes on endothelium, the first step of leukocyte entry into inflamed tissue. The specific contribution of L-selectin or CD44 to the regulation of cell traffic to joints in arthritis has not been investigated. We used CD44-deficient, L-selectin-deficient, and CD44/L-selectin double knockout mice to determine the requirement for these receptors for inflammatory cell recruitment during Ag-induced arthritis. Intraperitoneal immunization resulted in similar activation status and Ag-specific responses in wild-type and gene-targeted mice. However, extravasation of neutrophil granulocytes, but not the emigration of T cells, into the knee joints after intra-articular Ag Injection was significantly delayed in L-selectin-deficient and double knockout mice. Intravital videomicroscopy on the synovial microcirculation revealed enhanced leukocyte rolling and diminished adherence in mice lacking either CD44 or L-selectin, but CD44 deficiency had no significant effect on the recruitment of L-selectin-null cells. Compared with wild-type leukocytes, expression of L-selectin was down-regulated in CD44-deficient cells in the spleen, peripheral blood, and inflamed joints, suggesting that reduced expression of L-selectin, rather than the lack of CD44, could be responsible for the delayed influx of granulocytes into the joints of CD44-deficient mice. In conclusion, there is a greater requirement for L-selectin than for CD44 for neutrophil extravasation during the early phase of Ag-induced arthritis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy