The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha is not encoded in the chicken genome. However, 1 member of the TNF family, TNF-like molecule 1A (TL1A), which is an important immunoregulatory protein, has recently been characterized in chickens. In this study, chicken TL1A (chTL1A) and 1 of its receptors, decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) were found to be expressed in developing bone of 14.5-day-old chicken embryos. Chicken chondrocytes were shown to express TL1A by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of cDNA and by immunohistochemical studies. Tissue expression was localized to the epiphyeal region of tubular bones, particularly cells of the epiphyseal plate, the outer chondrocytes of the cartilage-interfacing synovia, most of the synovial cells, and the stromal fibroblastic cells of the vascular channels of the femoral head. A tissue-specific developmental function of TL1A was supported by the presence of DcR3 in the embryonic connective tissue.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2009|
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