Expression of calcium pumps is differentially regulated by histone deacetylase inhibitors and estrogen receptor alpha in breast cancer cells 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis 06 Biological Sciences 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology

Karolina Varga, Anna Hollósi, Katalin Pászty, Luca Hegedus, Gergely Szakács, József Tímár, Béla Papp, Ágnes Enyedi, Rita Padányi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Remodeling of Ca2+ signaling is an important step in cancer progression, and altered expression of members of the Ca2+ signaling toolkit including the plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPases (PMCA proteins encoded by ATP2B genes) is common in tumors. Methods: In this study PMCAs were examined in breast cancer datasets and in a variety of breast cancer cell lines representing different subtypes. We investigated how estrogen receptor alpha (ER-α) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors regulate the expression of these pumps. Results: Three distinct datasets displayed significantly lower ATP2B4 mRNA expression in invasive breast cancer tissue samples compared to normal breast tissue, whereas the expression of ATP2B1 and ATP2B2 was not altered. Studying the protein expression profiles of Ca2+ pumps in a variety of breast cancer cell lines revealed low PMCA4b expression in the ER-α positive cells, and its marked upregulation upon HDAC inhibitor treatments. PMCA4b expression was also positively regulated by the ER-α pathway in MCF-7 cells that led to enhanced Ca2+ extrusion capacity in response to 17β-estradiol (E2) treatment. E2-induced PMCA4b expression was further augmented by HDAC inhibitors. Surprisingly, E2 did not affect the expression of PMCA4b in other ER-α positive cells ZR-75-1, T-47D and BT-474. These findings were in good accordance with ChIP-seq data analysis that revealed an ER-α binding site in the ATP2B4 gene in MCF-7 cells but not in other ER-α positive tumor cells. In the triple negative cells PMCA4b expression was relatively high, and the effect of HDAC inhibitor treatment was less pronounced as compared to that of the ER-α positive cells. Although, the expression of PMCA4b was relatively high in the triple negative cells, a fraction of the protein was found in intracellular compartments that could interfere with the cellular function of the protein. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the expression of Ca2+ pumps is highly regulated in breast cancer cells in a subtype specific manner. Our results suggest that hormonal imbalances, epigenetic modifications and impaired protein trafficking could interfere with the expression and cellular function of PMCA4b in the course of breast cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1029
JournalBMC cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 23 2018



  • 17β-estradiol
  • Breast cancer cell lines
  • Ca signaling
  • ER-α
  • HDAC inhibitors
  • PMCA
  • SAHA
  • Valproate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this