Exploratory and locomotor activity, learning and memory functions in somatostatin receptor subtype 4 gene-deficient mice in relation to aging and sex

Nikolett Szentes, Valéria Tékus, Violetta Mohos, Éva Borbély, Zsuzsanna Helyes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The inhibitory neuropeptide somatostatin regulates several functions in the nervous system including memory. Its concentrations decrease by age leading to functional alterations, but there are little known about the receptorial mechanism. We discovered that somatostatin receptor 4 (sst4) mediates analgesic, anti-depressant, and anti-inflammatory effects without endocrine actions, and it is a unique target for drug development. We investigated the exploratory and locomotor activities and learning and memory functions of male and female sst4gene-deficient mice compared with their wild-types (WT) at ages of 3, 12, 17 months in the Y-maze test, open field test (OFT), radial-arm maze (RAM) test and novel object recognition (NOR) test. Young sst4 gene-deficient females visited, repeated, and missed significantly less arms than the WTs in the RAM; males showed decreased exploration in the NOR. Young mice moved significantly more, spend longer time in OFT center, and visited more arms in the Y-maze than older ones. Young WT females spend significantly longer time in the OFT center, visited, missed and repeated more arms of the RAM than males. Old males found more rewards than females. Young males explored longer the novel object than young females and older males in the NOR; the recognition index was smaller in females. We conclude that aging and sex are important factors of behavioral parameters that should be focused on in such studies. Sst4 is likely to influence locomotion and exploratory behavior only in young mice, but not during normal aging, which is a beneficial feature of a good drug target focusing on the elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-641
Number of pages11
JournalGeroScience
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Behavior
  • Exploratory
  • Locomotion
  • Memory
  • Somatostatin
  • sst receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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