Explicit vs. implicit body image evaluation in restrictive anorexia nervosa

Renáta Cserjési, Nicolas Vermeulen, Olivier Luminet, Clarisse Marechal, François Nef, Yves Simon, László Lénárd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study we investigated the evaluation of body shapes in patients with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN) on both automatic and controlled levels. The first aim of the study was to examine whether an ultra-thin ideal or negative attitudes toward overweight might be the motivation behind pathological restriction. The second aim was to investigate the relationship between body figure evaluations, eating disorder symptoms and mood. A Modified Affective Priming Test was used to measure implicit evaluations of body silhouettes, while a Likert scale was used to assess explicit evaluations. The study involved 35 women with restrictive anorexia nervosa and 35 age- and education-level-matched controls with normal body weight. In contrast to the control group, the patients did not show a positive attitude toward the ultra-thin body shape on the automatic level. The AN group both on the automatic and the self-reported levels evaluated the overweight body as negative. Depression and anxiety did not influence body evaluation. Strong negative evaluation of overweight appears to be a key issue in AN rather than positive evaluation of ultra-thin role models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry research
Volume175
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2010

Keywords

  • Affective Priming Test
  • Drive for thinness and attitudes
  • Fat-phobia
  • Mood
  • Ultra-thinness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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    Cserjési, R., Vermeulen, N., Luminet, O., Marechal, C., Nef, F., Simon, Y., & Lénárd, L. (2010). Explicit vs. implicit body image evaluation in restrictive anorexia nervosa. Psychiatry research, 175(1-2), 148-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2009.07.002