Experimental study of diamondite formation in carbonate-silicate melts: A model approach to natural processes

Yu A. Litvin, G. Kurat, G. Dobosi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


To simulate a natural carbonate-silicate medium parental for both diamondites and their syngenetic mineral inclusions, melanocratic carbonatites of the Chagatai complex, Uzbekistan, were used. The carbonatites are characterized by a high percentage of silicate components and high-pressure eclogitic silicate minerals. The experiments carried out at 7.0-8.5 GPa and 1800°C show that the diamondites formed very quickly in carbonate-silicate melts of the Chagatai carbonatites with dissolved carbon. According to experimental evidence, the mineralogy of the Chagatai carbonatites under the PT-conditions of diamondite formation is represented by grossular-almandine garnet, diopside-hedenbergite clinopyroxene, and calcite (aragonite) and resembles the mineralogy of diamond-bearing Ca-rich eclogites and grospydites found in kimberlites as mantle xenoliths. The Chagatai carbonatites are quite appropriate as a parental medium to simulate physicochemical processes for the formation of natural diamondites. The most important characteristics of these processes are as follows: quick migration of highly mobile low-viscosity carbonate-silicate melts into zones of diamondite formation, extremely high "snowballing" rate of diamondite crystallization from a carbonate-silicate melt oversaturated with dissolved carbon, formation of syngenetic inclusions of garnet and clinopyroxene, carbonate and sulfides, etc. inside the pores and cavities of diamondites. Experiments show that the formation of diamondites and their syngenetic inclusions is accompanied by coarse-grained crystallization of eclogitic minerals in the parental media surrounding the growing diamondites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1317
Number of pages14
JournalGeologiya i Geofizika
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005


  • Carbonatite parental melts
  • Experiment
  • Syngenesis of diamondites and inclusions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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