INTRODUCTION: Fludarabine is the most commonly used purine analog, its mechanism of action is complex. Fludarabine inhibits DNA synthesis, acts on non-dividing (G0 phase) cells influencing apoptosis. PATIENTS, RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS: In our institute 47 patients were treated with fludarabine or fludarabine based combination chemotherapy. Fludarabine was given in 19 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), complete remission (CR) was achieved in one case, partial remission (PR) was obtained in 10 patients. Fludarabine was more effective in patients who received less intensive chemotherapy prior to fludarabine therapy and in those patients who had less advanced diseases. Elderly patients (over sixty years of age) also responded to fludarabine therapy. Fludarabine and cyclophosphamide combination (FCy) were used in three lymphocytic lymphoma patients, two of them obtained PR, in the third case the disease progressed. Fludarabine + mitoxantrone (Novantrone) + dexamethasone (FND) regimen was administered in nine patients who were previously heavily treated (one patient with B-CLL, one with T-CLL, one with peripheral T-cell lymphoma and six with indolent B-cell lymphoma). More patients and longer follow up is needed to determine the efficacy of FCy and FND protocol. FLAG-IDA (fludarabine, high dose Ara-C, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, idarubicin) was applied in 16 acute leukaemia patients with poor prognosis including therapy refractory and relapsing cases. Three CR and two PR, one CR and three PR was achieved in nine patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and in seven patients with acute lymphoid leukaemia, respectively. For this reason, despite the short period of remission, this regimen can be recommended to patients who are candidate for stem cell transplantation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Experience with fludarabine treatment and review of the literature|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 16 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas