Sudden cardiac death caused by malignant ventricular arrhythmias is one of the main causes of cardiovascular mortality. Implantation of cardioverter-defibrillators has resulted in the reduction of the incidence of sudden cardiac death caused by malignant ventricular arrhythmias from the yearly 10-30% to 1%. For the very first time in Hungary, the authors applied only transvenous lead configuration for automatic cardioverter defibrillators in three patients. The indications of the implantation were ventricular fibrillation in one case, ventricular tachycardias refractory to drug treatment in two cases. Ventricular arrhythmias were secondary to coronary heart disease in two patients, dilatative cardiomyopathy in one patient. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative electrophysiological studies were regularly taken. Using Biotronik Phylax 03 device with a right ventricular electrode and a superior vena cava electrode and without subcutaneous patch the intraoperative defibrillation thresholds were 6, 11 and 12 J respectively. The fractally iridium coating increases the surface of the electrodes that has a very good effect on defibrillation threshold. During a mean follow-up of six months the occurring spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias (1 ventricular fibrillation and 5 ventricular tachycardias) were terminated by Phylax 03 with cardioversion-defibrillation or overdrive stimulation. The authors' results of intraoperative testing and clinical experiences show that the Phylax 03 biphasic system due to low defibrillation thresholds without subcutaneous patch can safely be applied with only transvenous implant technique in patients with major ventricular arrhythmias to prevent sudden cardiac death and to terminate ventricular tachycardia.
|Translated title of the contribution||Experience with a transvenous pacemaker-cardioconverter-defibrillator without subcutaneous patch|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 5 1995|
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