Exhaled biomarkers in lung cancer

I. Horváth, Z. Lázár, N. Gyulai, M. Kollai, G. Losonczy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

172 Citations (Scopus)


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Results of therapeutic interventions are particularly discouraging when the disease is discovered in an advanced stage. Early diagnosis is limited by the fact that the disease usually develops asymptomatically and available screening methods do not fulfil the requirements for reliable discrimination between patients with lung cancer and subjects not suffering from the disease. Breath sampling is completely noninvasive and provides a potentially useful approach to screening lung cancer. Exhaled biomarkers contain both volatile and nonvolatile molecules. The profile of volatile organic compounds is different in patients with lung cancer than in control subjects. In exhaled breath condensate, the proteomic profile of breath from cancer patients differs from that of healthy smokers. We reviewed the scientific evidence demonstrating that a unique chemical signature can be detected in the breath of patients with lung cancer and that the exhaled breath biomarker profile could aid clinical decision making. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-275
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2009



  • Biomarker
  • Electronic nose
  • Exhaled breath
  • Exhaled breath condensate
  • Lung cancer
  • Smell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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