We have carried out high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering measurements of the excitations of lithium dissolved in ammonia. The incident x-ray energy was 21.6 keV and the resolution was about 2 meV. Several different excitations are observed in the energy range of 0-60 meV (0-500 cm-1). In addition to acoustic phonons at low energies, we see excitations that are associated with vibrations of Li (N H3) 4+ complexes. We examined these excitations as a function of momentum transfer, lithium concentration, temperature, and state of the system (solid versus liquid). Data are compared with Hartree-Fock and density-functional theory calculations of the excitations of this complex, which agree well with the measured excitation energies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry