Excitation Functions of 14N(d,t)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C Reactions from Threshold to 12.3 MeV: Radionuclidic Purity of 15O Produced via the 14N(d,n)15O Reaction

Z. Szücs, W. Hamkens, S. Takács, F. Tárkányi, H. H. Coenen, S. M. Qaim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the routine production of the β+-emitting radioisotope 15O via the 14N(d,n)15O reaction small quantities of 13N and 11C are also formed. The excitation functions of the nuclear processes 14N(d,t + dn)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C were determined experimentally from their respective thresholds up to 12.3 MeV. Substantial new information was obtained as compared to the literature data. From our cross section values the ratios of impurities to 15O were calculated. Those ratios were compared with the results of integral measurements done on target gas samples irradiated under production conditions. The optimum on-target deuteron energy is ≤ 10 MeV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-63
Number of pages5
JournalRadiochimica Acta
Volume80
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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purity
thresholds
Deuterium
Radioisotopes
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deuterons
Gases
Impurities
impurities
cross sections
gases
energy

Keywords

  • o, n, c
  • Excitation function
  • Integral measurement
  • Radionuclidic purity
  • Stacked gas cell technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Excitation Functions of 14N(d,t)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C Reactions from Threshold to 12.3 MeV : Radionuclidic Purity of 15O Produced via the 14N(d,n)15O Reaction. / Szücs, Z.; Hamkens, W.; Takács, S.; Tárkányi, F.; Coenen, H. H.; Qaim, S. M.

In: Radiochimica Acta, Vol. 80, No. 2, 1998, p. 59-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "During the routine production of the β+-emitting radioisotope 15O via the 14N(d,n)15O reaction small quantities of 13N and 11C are also formed. The excitation functions of the nuclear processes 14N(d,t + dn)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C were determined experimentally from their respective thresholds up to 12.3 MeV. Substantial new information was obtained as compared to the literature data. From our cross section values the ratios of impurities to 15O were calculated. Those ratios were compared with the results of integral measurements done on target gas samples irradiated under production conditions. The optimum on-target deuteron energy is ≤ 10 MeV.",
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T1 - Excitation Functions of 14N(d,t)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C Reactions from Threshold to 12.3 MeV

T2 - Radionuclidic Purity of 15O Produced via the 14N(d,n)15O Reaction

AU - Szücs, Z.

AU - Hamkens, W.

AU - Takács, S.

AU - Tárkányi, F.

AU - Coenen, H. H.

AU - Qaim, S. M.

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AB - During the routine production of the β+-emitting radioisotope 15O via the 14N(d,n)15O reaction small quantities of 13N and 11C are also formed. The excitation functions of the nuclear processes 14N(d,t + dn)13N and 14N(d,αn)11C were determined experimentally from their respective thresholds up to 12.3 MeV. Substantial new information was obtained as compared to the literature data. From our cross section values the ratios of impurities to 15O were calculated. Those ratios were compared with the results of integral measurements done on target gas samples irradiated under production conditions. The optimum on-target deuteron energy is ≤ 10 MeV.

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