Excimer laser irradiation induced formation of diamond-like carbon layer on graphite

Ádám Mechler, Péter Heszler, Zoltán Kántor, Tamás Szörényi, Zsolt Bor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) was irradiated by an ArF excimer (λ = 193 nm) laser above the ablation threshold, at approx. 0.45 and 2 J/cm 2 . The surface morphology and the quality of the remaining material was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and area-selective Raman spectroscopy. At the lower fluence a material removal rate of several monolayers per laser pulse was detected, without changing the quality of the remaining material. Irradiation at the higher fluence resulted in ablation rates of the order of 10 nm/pulse and the formation of an approx. 300 nm thick diamond-like carbon (DLC) film with approx. 50% concentration of the sp 3 hybrid-states of carbon. In the surroundings of the ablated hole a narrow ring of mechanically soft, nanocrystalline and turbostratic carbon was observed. Upon annealing the irradiated surfaces in air at 650°C for 30 min, the graphite structure of the laser-modified layer was perfectly recovered with the disappearance of the surrounding ring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999


  • Diamond-like carbon
  • HOPG
  • Laser ablation
  • Laser modification of surfaces
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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