Excimer laser ablation of molten metals as followed by ultrafast photography

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Abstract

Molten Sn and Bi are ablated in vacuum by an ArF excimer laser. Pictures of the surface and the ablated material are taken by ultrafast photography, with temporal resolution of 1 ns using delayed dye laser pulses. The series of snapshots covering the 0 ns-200 μs time domain contain information on the ablated plume, the development of waves on the target surface, and the initial phase of droplet formation. The velocity of the front of the ablated plume is approximately 6 km/s for both Sn and Bi at 5.5 J/cm 2 . While on the molten Sn surface only wave generation is observed with practically no droplet emission, the Bi surface emits a remarkable amount of material in the form of droplets originating from liquid jets. The speed of these droplets is two orders of magnitude smaller than that of the plume front. The relaxation of the whole perturbed melt pool lasts second(s) after ablation. By decreasing the fluence below 2.5 J/cm 2 the Bi droplet formation can also be suppressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume138-139
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999

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Keywords

  • Laser beam applications
  • Pulsed laser deposition, PLD
  • Thin film deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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