Examination of the role of mitochondrial morphology and function in the cardioprotective effect of sodium nitrite administered 24 h before Ischemia/reperfusion injury

Vivien Demeter-Haludka, Mária Kovács, Alexandra Petrus, Roland Patai, Danina M. Muntean, L. Siklós, A. Végh

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Abstract

Background: We have previous evidence that in anesthetized dogs the inorganic sodium nitrite protects against the severe ventricular arrhythmias, resulting from coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion, when administered 24 h before. The present study aimed to examine, whether in this effect changes in mitochondrial morphology and function would play a role. Methods: Thirty dogs were infused intravenously either with saline (n = 15) or sodium nitrite (0.2 μmol/kg/min; n = 15) for 20 min, and 24 h later, 10 dogs from each group were subjected to a 25 min period of occlusion and then reperfusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The severity of ischaemia and ventricular arrhythmias were examined in situ. Left ventricular tissue samples were collected either before the occlusion (5 saline and 5 nitrite treated dogs) or, in dogs subjected to occlusion, 2 min after reperfusion. Changes in mitochondrial morphology, in complex I and complex II-dependent oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), in ATP, superoxide, and peroxynitrite productions were determined. Results: The administration of sodium nitrite 24 h before ischemia/reperfusion significantly attenuated the severity of ischaemia, and markedly reduced the number and incidence of ventricular arrhythmias. Nitrite also attenuated the ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced structural alterations, such as reductions in mitochondrial area, perimeter, and Feret diameter, as well as the increase in mitochondrial roundness. The administration of nitrite, however, enhanced the I/R-induced reduction in the mitochondrial respiratory parameters; compared to the controls, 24 h after the infusion of nitrite, there were further significant decreases, e.g., in the complex I-dependent OXPHOS (by -20 vs. -53%), respiratory control ratio (by -14 vs. -61%) and in the P/E control coupling ratio (by 2 vs. -36%). Nitrite also significantly reduced the I/R-induced generation of superoxide, without substantially influencing the ATP production. Conclusions: The results suggest that sodium nitrite may have an effect on the mitochondria; it preserves the mitochondrial structure and modifies the mitochondrial function, when administered 24 h prior to I/R. We propose that nitrite affects primary the phosphorylation system (indicated by the decreased P/E ratio), and the reduction in superoxide production would result from the subsequent suppression of the ROS producing complexes; an effect which may certainly contribute to the antiarrhythmic effect of nitrite.

Original languageEnglish
Article number286
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume9
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 2018

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Keywords

  • Arrhythmia
  • Cardioprotection
  • Ischaemia/reperfusion
  • Mitochondrial respiration
  • Mitochondrial structure
  • Sodium nitrite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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