Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary

L. Szalóki-Dorkó, G. Csizmadia, L. Abrankó, M. Stéger-Máté

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra) is a very popular crop in Europe and its importance is increasing as a distinguished source of natural food colorants. The amount of natural pigments in fruits depends on several factors such as the plant cultivar, the geographical origin, the climatic conditions, and the time of harvest. Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside-5-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside were identified in elderberry fruit by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-Vis). In a fruit maturity study, 'Samocco' had the highest water soluble solid content compared with two other elderberry cultivars grown at two locations. Anthocyanin profile and content also differed by cultivar. With 'Samocco', cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside accounted for more than 50% of all analysed anthocyanins, but the amount of this pigment was less in the other cultivars. 'Samocco' had higher levels of total anthocyanins compared with most other cultivars at the two locations. Anthocyanin content was influenced by change of pH value and by heat treatment. After heat treatment, the highest anthocyanin concentration was observed at pH 3.5 with 'Haschberg', and at pH 3.0 with 'Samocco'. Total anthocyanin content was decreased 7% by heat treatment with 'Haschberg' and by 25% with 'Samocco' at the original pH value of 4.0.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationI International Symposium on Elderberry
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages79-86
Number of pages8
Volume1061
ISBN (Print)9789462610545
Publication statusPublished - Jan 12 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1061
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

elderberries
Hungary
anthocyanins
cyanidin
cultivars
heat treatment
glucosides
high performance liquid chromatography
pigments
Sambucus nigra
food coloring
fruits
fruit maturity
natural foods
total soluble solids
liquid chromatography
mass spectrometry
crops

Keywords

  • Food colorant
  • Fruit
  • Heat treatment
  • HPLC-MS
  • Sambucus nigra
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Szalóki-Dorkó, L., Csizmadia, G., Abrankó, L., & Stéger-Máté, M. (2015). Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary. In I International Symposium on Elderberry (Vol. 1061, pp. 79-86). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1061). International Society for Horticultural Science.

Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary. / Szalóki-Dorkó, L.; Csizmadia, G.; Abrankó, L.; Stéger-Máté, M.

I International Symposium on Elderberry. Vol. 1061 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. p. 79-86 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1061).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Szalóki-Dorkó, L, Csizmadia, G, Abrankó, L & Stéger-Máté, M 2015, Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary. in I International Symposium on Elderberry. vol. 1061, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 1061, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 79-86.
Szalóki-Dorkó L, Csizmadia G, Abrankó L, Stéger-Máté M. Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary. In I International Symposium on Elderberry. Vol. 1061. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2015. p. 79-86. (Acta Horticulturae).
Szalóki-Dorkó, L. ; Csizmadia, G. ; Abrankó, L. ; Stéger-Máté, M. / Examination of anthocyanin content of some elderberry cultivars grown in Hungary. I International Symposium on Elderberry. Vol. 1061 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. pp. 79-86 (Acta Horticulturae).
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abstract = "Elderberry (Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra) is a very popular crop in Europe and its importance is increasing as a distinguished source of natural food colorants. The amount of natural pigments in fruits depends on several factors such as the plant cultivar, the geographical origin, the climatic conditions, and the time of harvest. Cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside-5-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside were identified in elderberry fruit by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC-Vis). In a fruit maturity study, 'Samocco' had the highest water soluble solid content compared with two other elderberry cultivars grown at two locations. Anthocyanin profile and content also differed by cultivar. With 'Samocco', cyanidin-3-O-sambubioside accounted for more than 50{\%} of all analysed anthocyanins, but the amount of this pigment was less in the other cultivars. 'Samocco' had higher levels of total anthocyanins compared with most other cultivars at the two locations. Anthocyanin content was influenced by change of pH value and by heat treatment. After heat treatment, the highest anthocyanin concentration was observed at pH 3.5 with 'Haschberg', and at pH 3.0 with 'Samocco'. Total anthocyanin content was decreased 7{\%} by heat treatment with 'Haschberg' and by 25{\%} with 'Samocco' at the original pH value of 4.0.",
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