Exact density oscillations in the Tonks-Girardeau gas and their optical detection

Mihály G. Benedict, Csaba Benedek, Attila Czirják

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We construct the exact time dependent density profile for a superposition of the ground and singly excited states of a harmonically trapped one dimensional Bose gas in the limit of strongly interacting particles, the Tonks-Girardeau gas. We obtain analytic results that allows one to determine the number of particles in the gas, as well as the quantum amplitudes in the superposition, from measurement results in an off-resonant light scattering experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17569-17575
Number of pages7
JournalOptics Express
Volume18
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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