The thiourea dioxide (TDO)-bromate reaction has been reinvestigated spectrophotometrically under acidic conditions using phosphoric acid-dihydrogen-phosphate buffer within the pH range of 1.1-1.8 at 1.0 M ionic strength adjusted by sodium perchlorate and at 25 °C. The title system shows a remarkable resemblance to the classical Landolt reaction, namely, the clock species (bromine) may only appear after the substrate TDO is completely consumed. Thus, the title system can be classified as substrate-depletive clock reaction. Despite the well-known slow rearrangement characteristic of TDO in acidic solution, it is surprisingly found that the Landolt time of the title reaction does not depend at all on the age of TDO solution applied. It is, however, shown experimentally that the inverse of Landolt time linearly depends on the initial bromate concentration as well as on the square of the hydrogen ion concentration. In addition to this, it is also noticed that dihydrogen phosphate markedly affects the Landolt time as well, and this feature may easily be taken into consideration by the H 2 PO 4 - dependence of the rate of bromate-bromide reaction quantitatively. Based on the experiments, a simple three-step kinetic model is proposed from which a complex formula is derived to indicate the exact concentration dependence of the Landolt time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry