Evolutionary implications of a complex pattern of DNA sequence homology extending far upstream of the hsp70 genes at loci 87A7 and 87C1 in Drosophila melanogaster

Philip J. Mason, Istvan Török, Ibolya Kiss, François Karch, Andor Udvardy

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Genes coding for the major 70,000 Mr heat shock protein (hsp70) are found at two loci, 87A7 and 87C1, in Drosophila melanogaster. At 87A7 they are present as two genes in diverging orientation, whilst at 87C1 two tandemly repeated distal copies are separated from a single copy in divergent orientation by about 40,000 bases of DNA. Within this 40,000 bases are found the αβ heat-induced genes, interspersed with γ elements. In this paper we report the isolation and characterization of the proximal hsp70 gene from locus 87C1. The DNA sequence upstream from this gene shows greater than 98% homology with that of αγ, suggesting that the γ element interspersed with αβ sequences originated from this position. In addition, we present the DNA sequence between the two genes in a cloned DNA segment from 87A7, and compare the sequence with those from 87C1. We find a complex pattern of nucleotide sequence homology extending far upstream of the hsp70 genes at the two loci. The evolution of the present arrangement at these two loci is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-35
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of molecular biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 25 1982


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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