Evolution of microstructure and hardness in Hf25Nb25Ti25Zr25 high-entropy alloy during high-pressure torsion

Jenő Gubicza, Anita Heczel, Megumi Kawasaki, Jae Kyung Han, Yakai Zhao, Yunfei Xue, Shuo Huang, János L. Lábár

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A four-component equimolar high-entropy alloy (HEA) with the composition of HfNbTiZr and body-centered cubic (bcc) structure was processed by HPT at RT. The evolution of the dislocation density, the grain size and the hardness was monitored along the HPT-processed disk radius for different numbers of turns between ¼ and 20. It was found that most of the increase of the dislocation density and the refinement of the grain structure occurred up to the shear strain of ∼40. Between the strains of ∼40 and ∼700, only a slight grain size reduction was observed. The saturated dislocation density and grain size were ∼2.1 × 1016 m−2 and ∼30 nm, respectively. The saturation in hardness was obtained at ∼4450 MPa. These values were similar to the parameters determined in the literature for five-component HEAs processed by HPT. The analysis confirmed that the main component in the strength was given by the friction stress in the HPT-processed bcc HfNbTiZr HEA. It was also revealed that the contribution of the high dislocation density to the strength was significantly higher than the effect of the small grain size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-328
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - Jun 5 2019



  • Dislocations
  • Hardness
  • High-entropy alloys
  • Microstructure
  • Nanostructured materials
  • Severe plastic deformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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