The evolution of dislocation density and microstructure of a hot rolled Zr–2.5Nb alloy under compressive plastic strain, at room temperature, was analysed using neutron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The dislocation densities of type 〈a〉, 〈c + a〉 and 〈c〉 dislocations at different plastic strains in the elastic–plastic transition regime and plastic regime have been measured by diffraction line profile analysis (DLPA). TEM microstructure characterization revealed the operation of different slip systems. It has been found that slip of type 〈a〉 dislocations contributed to most of the plastic strain at the early stage of deformation, and strong pyramidal 〈c + a〉 slip did not occur until the deformation was fully plastic. Unambiguous evidence of basal slip occurring at room temperature in Zr is provided. Loading along a plate direction with more basal poles favoured the operation of basal and pyramidal slip. Dislocation features including relative edge:screw character of 〈c + a〉 dislocations are shown to be different under tension and compression loading, providing a mechanistic driver for the previously observed asymmetry in critical resolved shear stress for 〈c + a〉 slip.
- Diffraction line profile analysis
- zirconium alloys
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics