Evidences for pre-orogenic passive-margin extension in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt on the basis of combined seismic and field data (western Transdanubian Range, Hungary)

Gábor Héja, Szilvia Kövér, Gábor Csillag, András Németh, L. Fodor

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Combined sedimentological and structural analysis was carried out in the field and on 2D seismic reflection profiles to recognize pre-orogenic structures in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt. Detailed field observations were made in the Keszthely Hills, Western Hungary, while 2D seismic interpretation was carried out in the neighbouring Zala Basin. As a result, a fault-controlled intraplatform basin system was identified by a detailed analysis of bounding faults, and related outcrop-scale structures. The Norian–Rhaetian (227–201.3 Ma) synsedimentary faulting was associated with talus breccia formation, small-scale faulting, and dyke formation, in addition to slumping and other soft-sediment deformations. Based on the distribution of talus breccia, WNW–ESE-trending map-scale normal faults were identified in the Keszthely Hills, which is in agreement with the directly observed outcrop-scale synsedimentary faults. On seismic sections, similar WNW- or NW-trending Late Triassic normal faults were identified based on thickness variations of the syn-rift sediments and the presence of wedge-shaped bodies of talus breccia. Normal faulting occurred already in the Norian, and extensional tectonics was active through the Early and Middle Jurassic. The Late Triassic grabens of the western Transdanubian Range could be correlated with those in western part of the Southern Alps, and the Bajuvaric nappe system of the Northern Calcareous Alps. These grabens were situated on the proximal Adriatic margin, and they represent the first sign of the Alpine Tethys rifting. The locus of extension was laterally migrated westward, towards the distal Adriatic margin during Early and Middle Jurassic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Earth Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

talus
fold and thrust belt
passive margin
breccia
faulting
Cretaceous
normal fault
outcrop
Triassic
Jurassic
Norian
slumping
extensional tectonics
structural analysis
Tethys
basin
nappe
sediment
seismic reflection
rifting

Keywords

  • Alpine Tethys rifting
  • Norian tectonics
  • Pre-orogenic extension
  • Synsedimentary deformation
  • Triassic paleogeography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evidences for pre-orogenic passive-margin extension in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt on the basis of combined seismic and field data (western Transdanubian Range, Hungary)",
abstract = "Combined sedimentological and structural analysis was carried out in the field and on 2D seismic reflection profiles to recognize pre-orogenic structures in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt. Detailed field observations were made in the Keszthely Hills, Western Hungary, while 2D seismic interpretation was carried out in the neighbouring Zala Basin. As a result, a fault-controlled intraplatform basin system was identified by a detailed analysis of bounding faults, and related outcrop-scale structures. The Norian–Rhaetian (227–201.3 Ma) synsedimentary faulting was associated with talus breccia formation, small-scale faulting, and dyke formation, in addition to slumping and other soft-sediment deformations. Based on the distribution of talus breccia, WNW–ESE-trending map-scale normal faults were identified in the Keszthely Hills, which is in agreement with the directly observed outcrop-scale synsedimentary faults. On seismic sections, similar WNW- or NW-trending Late Triassic normal faults were identified based on thickness variations of the syn-rift sediments and the presence of wedge-shaped bodies of talus breccia. Normal faulting occurred already in the Norian, and extensional tectonics was active through the Early and Middle Jurassic. The Late Triassic grabens of the western Transdanubian Range could be correlated with those in western part of the Southern Alps, and the Bajuvaric nappe system of the Northern Calcareous Alps. These grabens were situated on the proximal Adriatic margin, and they represent the first sign of the Alpine Tethys rifting. The locus of extension was laterally migrated westward, towards the distal Adriatic margin during Early and Middle Jurassic.",
keywords = "Alpine Tethys rifting, Norian tectonics, Pre-orogenic extension, Synsedimentary deformation, Triassic paleogeography",
author = "G{\'a}bor H{\'e}ja and Szilvia K{\"o}v{\'e}r and G{\'a}bor Csillag and Andr{\'a}s N{\'e}meth and L. Fodor",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Evidences for pre-orogenic passive-margin extension in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt on the basis of combined seismic and field data (western Transdanubian Range, Hungary)

AU - Héja, Gábor

AU - Kövér, Szilvia

AU - Csillag, Gábor

AU - Németh, András

AU - Fodor, L.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Combined sedimentological and structural analysis was carried out in the field and on 2D seismic reflection profiles to recognize pre-orogenic structures in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt. Detailed field observations were made in the Keszthely Hills, Western Hungary, while 2D seismic interpretation was carried out in the neighbouring Zala Basin. As a result, a fault-controlled intraplatform basin system was identified by a detailed analysis of bounding faults, and related outcrop-scale structures. The Norian–Rhaetian (227–201.3 Ma) synsedimentary faulting was associated with talus breccia formation, small-scale faulting, and dyke formation, in addition to slumping and other soft-sediment deformations. Based on the distribution of talus breccia, WNW–ESE-trending map-scale normal faults were identified in the Keszthely Hills, which is in agreement with the directly observed outcrop-scale synsedimentary faults. On seismic sections, similar WNW- or NW-trending Late Triassic normal faults were identified based on thickness variations of the syn-rift sediments and the presence of wedge-shaped bodies of talus breccia. Normal faulting occurred already in the Norian, and extensional tectonics was active through the Early and Middle Jurassic. The Late Triassic grabens of the western Transdanubian Range could be correlated with those in western part of the Southern Alps, and the Bajuvaric nappe system of the Northern Calcareous Alps. These grabens were situated on the proximal Adriatic margin, and they represent the first sign of the Alpine Tethys rifting. The locus of extension was laterally migrated westward, towards the distal Adriatic margin during Early and Middle Jurassic.

AB - Combined sedimentological and structural analysis was carried out in the field and on 2D seismic reflection profiles to recognize pre-orogenic structures in a Cretaceous fold-and-thrust belt. Detailed field observations were made in the Keszthely Hills, Western Hungary, while 2D seismic interpretation was carried out in the neighbouring Zala Basin. As a result, a fault-controlled intraplatform basin system was identified by a detailed analysis of bounding faults, and related outcrop-scale structures. The Norian–Rhaetian (227–201.3 Ma) synsedimentary faulting was associated with talus breccia formation, small-scale faulting, and dyke formation, in addition to slumping and other soft-sediment deformations. Based on the distribution of talus breccia, WNW–ESE-trending map-scale normal faults were identified in the Keszthely Hills, which is in agreement with the directly observed outcrop-scale synsedimentary faults. On seismic sections, similar WNW- or NW-trending Late Triassic normal faults were identified based on thickness variations of the syn-rift sediments and the presence of wedge-shaped bodies of talus breccia. Normal faulting occurred already in the Norian, and extensional tectonics was active through the Early and Middle Jurassic. The Late Triassic grabens of the western Transdanubian Range could be correlated with those in western part of the Southern Alps, and the Bajuvaric nappe system of the Northern Calcareous Alps. These grabens were situated on the proximal Adriatic margin, and they represent the first sign of the Alpine Tethys rifting. The locus of extension was laterally migrated westward, towards the distal Adriatic margin during Early and Middle Jurassic.

KW - Alpine Tethys rifting

KW - Norian tectonics

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KW - Synsedimentary deformation

KW - Triassic paleogeography

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