The ability of somatostatin to inhibit the muscular twitches elicited by field stimulation of rat vas deferens and guinea pig ileum was studied. Evidence should be summarized which would suggest that the presynaptic inhibitory effect of somatostatin on chemical neurotransmission is indirect. Its effect on vas deferens is partly mediated via α2-adrenoceptors and due to the released noradrenaline, in guinea pig ileum, however, it seems likely that it releases an unidentified inhibitory substance which, in fact, inhibits the release of acetylcholine, and thereby twitches of the ileum. The fast tachyphylaxis seen following repeated administration of the peptide is likely due to its indirect action.
- Guinea pig ileum
- Vas deferens
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience