Evidence of dislocations in melt-crystallised and plastically deformed polypropylene

H. Wilhelm, A. Paris, E. Schafler, S. Bernstorff, J. Bonarski, T. Ungar, M. J. Zehetbauer

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In view of the lack of other methods in the study of melt-crystallised polymers, this paper reports the application of a new kind of X-ray diffraction profile analysis to investigate dislocations in various plastically deformed α-phase isotactic polypropylene (α-PP). By means of a two-step evaluation it is shown that dislocations are present in α-PP and that their density increases with plastic deformation. Compared with metals, very high dislocation densities between 2×1016 and 2.2×1017 m-2 are evaluated which might result to some extent from the presence of uncorrelated lattice defects in the interface between crystalline and amorphous phase. It is shown, however, that the measured dislocation densities are consistent with the assumption that the mean free path of dislocations equals the lamella thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1022
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume387-389
Issue number1-2 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2004

Keywords

  • Dislocation density
  • Isotactic polypropylene
  • Plastic deformation
  • WAXS
  • X-ray line profile analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Wilhelm, H., Paris, A., Schafler, E., Bernstorff, S., Bonarski, J., Ungar, T., & Zehetbauer, M. J. (2004). Evidence of dislocations in melt-crystallised and plastically deformed polypropylene. Materials Science and Engineering A, 387-389(1-2 SPEC. ISS.), 1018-1022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2004.03.099