Evidence for direct non-genomic effects of triiodothyronine on bone rudiments in rats

Stimulation of the inositol phosphate second messenger system

P. Lakatos, P. H. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thyroid hormones increase cytosolic free calcium by binding to plasma membrane receptors in several tissues. This calcium increase appears to initiate extranuclear effects in these tissues. Increases in cytosolic calcium are often a consequence of stimulation of inositol phosphate second messenger pathway. Several calcemic hormones act via this signal transduction route. Therefore we investigated the effects of the metabolically active T3 and the inactive analogues 3,5-diiodotyrosine and rT3 on the inositol phosphate pathway in fetal rat limb bone cultures prelabeled with [3H]myoinositol. Labelled inositol and inositol phosphates were separated by HPLC. There was a significant increase in the radioactivity in inositol bis- and trisphosphates after 1 min of exposure to 10-7 mol/l T3. Stimulation was also observed at 10-6 mol/l T3, but not at 10-5 mol/l. Time course studies demonstrated a rapid effect of T3 on inositol phosphates within 30 seconds that lasted through 5 min. After 20 min incubation with T3, no increase was observed in inositol mono- and bisphoshates, and a decrease was seen in inositol trisphosphate. Pretreatment with indomethacin prevented these effects of T3. 3,5-diiodothyrosine and rT3 did not affect inositol phosphate metabolism. These results suggest the existence of plasma membrane-associated receptors for T3 in bone, in addition to the nuclear receptors demonstrated previously. The role of these receptors in the effects of thyroid hormones on bone remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-608
Number of pages6
JournalActa Endocrinologica
Volume125
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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Inositol Phosphates
Second Messenger Systems
Triiodothyronine
Inositol
Bone and Bones
Calcium
Thyroid Hormones
Diiodotyrosine
Cell Membrane
Thyroid Hormone Receptors
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Indomethacin
Radioactivity
Signal Transduction
Extremities
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Evidence for direct non-genomic effects of triiodothyronine on bone rudiments in rats: Stimulation of the inositol phosphate second messenger system",
abstract = "Thyroid hormones increase cytosolic free calcium by binding to plasma membrane receptors in several tissues. This calcium increase appears to initiate extranuclear effects in these tissues. Increases in cytosolic calcium are often a consequence of stimulation of inositol phosphate second messenger pathway. Several calcemic hormones act via this signal transduction route. Therefore we investigated the effects of the metabolically active T3 and the inactive analogues 3,5-diiodotyrosine and rT3 on the inositol phosphate pathway in fetal rat limb bone cultures prelabeled with [3H]myoinositol. Labelled inositol and inositol phosphates were separated by HPLC. There was a significant increase in the radioactivity in inositol bis- and trisphosphates after 1 min of exposure to 10-7 mol/l T3. Stimulation was also observed at 10-6 mol/l T3, but not at 10-5 mol/l. Time course studies demonstrated a rapid effect of T3 on inositol phosphates within 30 seconds that lasted through 5 min. After 20 min incubation with T3, no increase was observed in inositol mono- and bisphoshates, and a decrease was seen in inositol trisphosphate. Pretreatment with indomethacin prevented these effects of T3. 3,5-diiodothyrosine and rT3 did not affect inositol phosphate metabolism. These results suggest the existence of plasma membrane-associated receptors for T3 in bone, in addition to the nuclear receptors demonstrated previously. The role of these receptors in the effects of thyroid hormones on bone remains to be established.",
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T1 - Evidence for direct non-genomic effects of triiodothyronine on bone rudiments in rats

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AU - Stern, P. H.

PY - 1991

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N2 - Thyroid hormones increase cytosolic free calcium by binding to plasma membrane receptors in several tissues. This calcium increase appears to initiate extranuclear effects in these tissues. Increases in cytosolic calcium are often a consequence of stimulation of inositol phosphate second messenger pathway. Several calcemic hormones act via this signal transduction route. Therefore we investigated the effects of the metabolically active T3 and the inactive analogues 3,5-diiodotyrosine and rT3 on the inositol phosphate pathway in fetal rat limb bone cultures prelabeled with [3H]myoinositol. Labelled inositol and inositol phosphates were separated by HPLC. There was a significant increase in the radioactivity in inositol bis- and trisphosphates after 1 min of exposure to 10-7 mol/l T3. Stimulation was also observed at 10-6 mol/l T3, but not at 10-5 mol/l. Time course studies demonstrated a rapid effect of T3 on inositol phosphates within 30 seconds that lasted through 5 min. After 20 min incubation with T3, no increase was observed in inositol mono- and bisphoshates, and a decrease was seen in inositol trisphosphate. Pretreatment with indomethacin prevented these effects of T3. 3,5-diiodothyrosine and rT3 did not affect inositol phosphate metabolism. These results suggest the existence of plasma membrane-associated receptors for T3 in bone, in addition to the nuclear receptors demonstrated previously. The role of these receptors in the effects of thyroid hormones on bone remains to be established.

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