We report the results of the 2dF-VST ATLAS Cold Spot galaxy redshift survey (2CSz) based on imaging from VST ATLAS and spectroscopy from 2dF AAOmega over the core of the CMB Cold Spot. We sparsely surveyed the inner 5° radius of the Cold Spot to a limit of iAB ≤ 19.2, sampling ~7000 galaxies at z ≤ 0.4. We have found voids at z = 0.14, 0.26 and 0.30 but they are interspersed with small overdensities, and the scale of these voids is insufficient to explain the Cold Spot through the ΛCDM ISW effect. Combining with previous data out to z ~ 1, we conclude that the CMB Cold Spot could not have been imprinted by a void confined to the inner core of the Cold Spot. Additionally, we find that our 'control' field GAMA G23 shows a similarity in its galaxy redshift distribution to the Cold Spot. Since the GAMA G23 line of sight shows no evidence of a CMB temperature decrement, we conclude that the Cold Spot may have a primordial origin rather than being due to line-of-sight effects.
- Cosmic background radiation
- Galaxies: distances and redshifts
- Large-scale structure of Universe
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science