Evaluation of Possible Proarrhythmic Potency: Comparison of the Effect of Dofetilide, Cisapride, Sotalol, Terfenadine, and Verapamil on hERG and Native i Kr Currents and on Cardiac Action Potential

Péter Orvos, Zsófia Kohajda, Jozefina Szlovák, Péter Gazdag, Tamás Árpádffy-Lovas, Dániel Tóth, Amir Geramipour, László Tálosi, Norbert Jost, András Varró, László Virág

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The proarrhythmic potency of drugs is usually attributed to the I Kr current block. During safety pharmacology testing analysis of I Kr in cardiomyocytes was replaced by human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) test using automated patch-clamp systems in stable transfected cell lines. Aim of this study was to compare the effect of proarrhythmic compounds on hERG and I Kr currents and on cardiac action potential. The hERG current was measured by using both automated and manual patch-clamp methods on HEK293 cells. The native ion currents (I Kr, I NaL, I CaL) were recorded from rabbit ventricular myocytes by manual patch-clamp technique. Action potentials in rabbit ventricular muscle and undiseased human donor hearts were studied by conventional microelectrode technique. Dofetilide, cisapride, sotalol, terfenadine, and verapamil blocked hERG channels at 37°C with an IC 50 of 7 nM, 18 nM, 343 μM, 165 nM, and 214 nM, respectively. Using manual patch-clamp, the IC 50 values of sotalol and terfenadine were 78 μM and 31 nM, respectively. The IC 50 values calculated from I Kr measurements at 37°C were 13 nM, 26 nM, 52 μM, 54 nM, and 268 nM, respectively. Cisapride, dofetilide, and sotalol excessively lengthened, terfenadine, and verapamil did not influence the action potential duration. Terfenadine significantly inhibited I NaL and moderately I CaL, verapamil blocked only I CaL. Automated hERG assays may over/underestimate proarrhythmic risk. Manual patch-clamp has substantially higher sensitivity to certain drugs. Action potential studies are also required to analyze complex multichannel effects. Therefore, manual patch-clamp and action potential experiments should be a part of preclinical safety tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-380
Number of pages16
JournalToxicological Sciences
Volume168
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • I Kr
  • cardiac action potential
  • hERG
  • proarrhythmia
  • safety pharmacology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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