Evaluation of peptide electropherograms by multivariate mathematical-statistical methods - I. Principal component analysis

Ivan Mikšík, Adam Eckhardt, Tibor Cserháti, Esther Forgács, Josef Zicha, Zdeněk Deyl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Depository effects in slowly metabolised proteins, typically glycation or the estimation of products arising from the reaction of unsaturated long-chain-fatty acid metabolites (possessing aldehydic groups) are very difficult to assess owing to their extremely low concentration in the protein matrix. In order to reveal such alterations we applied deep enzymatic fragmentation resulting in a set of small peptides, which, if modified, are likely to change their electrophoretic properties and can be visualised on the resulting profile. Peptide maps of collagen (a mixture of collagen types I and III digested by bacterial collagenase) were applied as the model protein structure for detecting the nonenzymatic posttranslational changes originating during various physiological conditions like high fructose diet and hypertriglyceridemic state. Capillary electrophoresis in acidic media (sodium phosphate buffer, pH 2.5) was used as the separation method capable of (partial) separation of over 60 peptide peaks. Two to 13 changes were revealed in the profiles obtained reflecting the physiological conditions of the animals tested. Combination of peptide profiling with subsequent t-test evaluation of individual peak areas and principal component analysis based on cumulative peak areas of individual sections of the electropherograms allowed to determine in which section (part) of the electropherogram the physiological state indicating changes occurred. Simultaneously it was possible to reveal the qualitative differences between the four physiological regimes investigated (i.e., which regime affects the collagen molecules most and which affects them least). The approach can be used as guidance for targeted preseparation of the very complex peptide mixture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-91
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume921
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 29 2001

Keywords

  • Collagens
  • Peptides
  • Principal component analysis
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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