Evaluation of Mannose-Binding Lectin is a Useful Approach to Predict the Risk of Infectious Complications Following Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Z. B. Radnay, M. Udvardy, M. Papp, J. Hársfalvi, L. Rejto, I. Pál, Illés, A. Kiss

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Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) associated immunocompromised state carries high risk of infectious complications. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an acute phase protein involved in innate immune response. Serum MBL level is genetically determined and quite stable. According to literature, significant association was shown between low MBL concentrations and serious infections. The association between serum MBL level and frequency and severity of infections was studied in 186 patients following autologous HSCT. Double-monoclonal antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine MBL antigen level in sera. MBL levels were measured around 100 days following transplantation, in a period without active infection. Twenty-one patients (11%) were MBL deficient. The median time of first infection and number of infections during the first year post-transplantation were not significantly different between patients with MBL deficiency and those without MBL deficiency. The occurrence and number of infections after HSCT correlated with the MBL/C-reactive protein ratio. The number of severe infections was not higher among those with MBL deficiency. The occurrence of infections after the pre-engraftment period during the first year post-transplantation was significantly different in patient groups separated by MBL cut-off level. The MBL/C-reactive protein ratio might be a useful marker of infectious complications. MBL measurement may be helpful in antibiotic treatment. In case of MBL deficiency, earlier and more intensive treatment may be indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3397-3405
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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